Class Notes (922,111)
CA (542,723)
UTSG (45,887)
Geography (1,039)
GGR100H1 (141)
Lecture 3

Lecture Three Notes

6 Pages
128 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR100H1
Professor
Joseph Leydon

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Cities of South America
Lecture Three
Overview
Total population: 374 million
Percent Urban Population: 81.6%
Annual Urban Growth: 0.12%
Most Urbanized: Venezuela (93.4%), Uruguay (92.0%), Argentina (90.1%)
Least Urbanized: Paraguay (56%), Ecuador (62.8%), Bolivia (64.2%)
Megacities (3); Number of cities of more than 1 million (38)
Understanding the Region
All but one country is over 60% urbanized with 5 countries over 80%
Three distinct spheres with a great deal of internal division-variance
Andean American (Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia)
oRapidly urbanizing region under fiscal constraints
oLarge indigenous population and mestizo populations with small European elite
oAlternative economy based upon informal economy and popular markets
Southern Cone Cities (Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay)
oUrban and demographic transition in the mid-20th century, now intercity migration
oHeavy European ethnic composition as well as urban planning traditions
oProsperity with economic stagnation, social segregation and restive middle class
Portuguese American (Brazil)
oUrban growth shifting towards smaller, peripheral cities
oPortuguese colonial heritage and langugage/culture, as well as spatial patterns
www.notesolution.com
oImportant Afro-Brazilian population (black-white stratification)
Important Historical Events
Incredible indigenous urbanization
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) paving the way for Spanish-Portuguese colonial pathways
Laws of the Indies (spatial and social segregation)
Debt Crisis
Informal Economy
Regular employment for many of the regional poor is elusive, and many public spaces are
dedicated towards the informal economy
Informal housing sector (shantytowns located around the unplanned urban periphery)
oPart of regional character and identity (City of God)
oDangerous materials, unsanitary conditions exasperated by climate, insecure land
tenure
oMany cities have begun to recognize and regulate settlements
Debt Crisis
Cities of the continent were the most aggressive in pursuing mid-century development
models (centralized industrial structure and infrastructure improvements towards economic
efficiencies), and incurred massive debt in the process
IMF (integrated debt structure) response was economic-political restructuring (cutting
services, opening up common market and resources to foreign investment/ownership),
resulting in real growth outstripping infrastructure
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Cities of South America Lecture Three Overview Total population: 374 million Percent Urban Population: 81.6% Annual Urban Growth: 0.12% Most Urbanized: Venezuela (93.4%), Uruguay (92.0%), Argentina (90.1%) Least Urbanized: Paraguay (56%), Ecuador (62.8%), Bolivia (64.2%) Megacities (3); Number of cities of more than 1 million (38) Understanding the Region All but one country is over 60% urbanized with 5 countries over 80% Three distinct spheres with a great deal of internal division-variance Andean American (Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia) o Rapidly urbanizing region under fiscal constraints o Large indigenous population and mestizo populations with small European elite o Alternative economy based upon informal economy and popular markets Southern Cone Cities (Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay) o Urban and demographic transition in the mid-20th century, now intercity migration o Heavy European ethnic composition as well as urban planning traditions o Prosperity with economic stagnation, social segregation and restive middle class Portuguese American (Brazil) o Urban growth shifting towards smaller, peripheral cities o Portuguese colonial heritage and langugageculture, as well as spatial patterns www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit