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The Jungle GGR241 Jan 31

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Robert Lewis

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The Jungle: American Industrial Cities st Thursday January 31 / 2013 Upton Sinclair: rabble rousing journalist  Wrote the jungle  Found hell in Chicago What are the socio spatial impact of the rise of the industrial metropolis in the united states between 1850 and 1930? The Industrial metropolis in the us  Large-scale growth since early 19yh century  Urban reaches a majority circa 1915  Greatest growth rates after the civil war  Evens out after 1970  United states was primarily a rural society o In late 1800’s massive increase in urban population o By 1910 more in cities than rural o Huge period of transformation when America becomes urban  Key elements of urbanization o Is linked to the rise of industrial capitalism  Could not have had emerging urban society without development of capitalism which was centred on the production of goods – manufacturing was urban based  All driven by the rise of industrialization driven by capitalism o Increase welth, and investment, a growin working-class, the utilization of science and technology, state support, and the development of a circulation system o Capitalism is an extremely dynamic system – creates massive disparities  Very powerful system  Able to increase productivity which creates wealth which is reinvested back into the system  Rockefeller (richest man in by the 19 century) and Edison(science) – two sides of the elite who intitiated the “second revolution”  The second Revolution o New industries, coporote dominance, labour relations, science in the workplace  There was a fundamental change in capitalism  Industries –automotive, appliances/utilities telephone, radio, petroleum, chemicals  Coporitzation of the economy  Most firms used to be small and family owned- max 200 workers before the end of 19 th  Large corporations develop during 1890’s because of massive merger movements – buying out other firms  Time compression  Increasing time compression- the world is getting smaller  We have the auto, the train, the truck – reducing time space  Everything is moving faster and faster  Faciliting the increase in productivity  The industrial coporation o Key institution of second revolution o Vertical and horizontal integration  Firms grow by integrating other firms which are related to them vertically and horizontally  E,g, vertical relation to a steel mill = mining company  Horizontal integration steel mill buying their competitors  Swift Empire  One of the big five meat packers  Developed the refrigerated boxcar From a small plant he built a massive empire that crisscrossed the country in 100 years o New Work Ideology  Frederick Winslow Taylor  A time management engineer  A new beast in coporote world  Developed a way in which corpor
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