The macro view: defining the city" or the urban", grid-iron pattern is that which we find in the system of north. American mapping: historical context, contemporary context, city within a system of cities the urban system. Internal relationships within the typical" city: i. e. , where you live accessibility, how do cities work, housing, housing decisions, housing market (sub-markets is what. Toronto is comprised of: transit, economic standpoint, city as a jigsaw puzzle, we look at the individual piece and analyze how each piece will fit together how it influences other factors. Viewing where we live through the eyes of the urban geographer . If you don"t have linkages between cities, there wouldn"t be urbanization there wouldn"t be any development: cities are not islands. Global finance centers toronto, new york & hong kong interconnected. [religious: human interventions in cities, transportation types, urban planning, influences upon the physical portion of the city, governance and urban development.