GGR124H1 Lecture Notes - Lewis Mumford, Louis Wirth

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7 Apr 2011
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GGR124Y, Lecture 1
January 12, 2010
1Urbanization, Contemporary
Cities and Urban Life: An Intro to
Urban Geography
Damian.dupuy@utoronto.ca
Economist magazine
TVO, 8 oclock
What this Course is About
The Macro View
oDefining the ‘cute’ or the ‘urban
oHistorical context
oContemporary context
Grid iron pattern came from the Greek cities, imported from colonization
to North American Cities
oCity within a system of cities – the urban system
Cities dont exist by themselves. Cities need other cities to develop. They
are fundamentally linked to one another
The Micro View
oInternal relationships within the ‘typical city
oHow do cities work?
oCity as a jigsaw puzzle
The individual pieces are only understood when you fit them together and
get the big picture of the city
Viewing where we live through the eyes of the urban geographer
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GGR124Y, Lecture 1
January 12, 2010
2
Course Themes
Urbanization Concepts and Contexts
Origin and growth of cities. Evolution of system of cities
Cities as centres of production, service delivery, innovation and creativity
Housing
City as a social space
Human interventions in Cities
Governance and urban development
Defining the UBRAN I
Subject of much debate and disagreement
Louis Wirth (1938) – large, dense, relatively permanent settlements of socially
heterogeneous people (difference/variety – people dont look the same, income, religion,
race).
Lewis Mumford (1961) – cities were a fundamental cultural institution
Bunting and Filion (2010) – places of intense social interaction and exchange between
strangers.
oDense concentration (agglomeration – clumping/clustering) of people and
activities
oProximity, density, and diversity are key characteristics
Basic Concepts
Urbanization – shifting population balance between urban and rural areas
Proportion of the total population that is living in urban places (% urban)
o80% of Ontarios population lives in cities.
Deurbanization (counter-urbanization) – balance is shifting towards peripheral/rural areas
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