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Lecture

Urban Governance, Last Lecture

8 Pages
149 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR124H1
Professor
Damian Dupuy

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Urban Geography
April 6, 2010
1Urban Governance
How things get managed or organized
organized chaos
Governance: ability to tax and generate other revenue
It involves ability to regulate (land, commerce, etc.)
Some methodology of solving social issues (health, housing, etc.)
A way of managing, regulating, providing some kind of legal structure.
Government is one from of governance.
Canadian Municipal System Constitutional Status
Roots in British law and practice
oWe have adopted the British Parliamentary System in Canada.
oParliamentary democracy
Enshrined in law through Constitution Act – 1867
Two orders of government
oFederal
oProvincial
Municipalities provided for under ‘Classes of Subject
In Ontario, Municipal Act establishes municipalities
Cities exist because of the provincial government
Role of Government Federal
No legal or legislative authority in regards to municipalities
Municipalities are ‘creatures of the province
www.notesolution.com
Urban Geography
April 6, 2010
2
But … federal government is an important contributor towards quality of urban life
oTaxation and other fiscal policies
oLarge-scale infrastructure provision (Pearson Air-port)
oImmigration policy (where new migrants can settle)
Role of Government Provincial
Provinces set legal framework for municipalities
Also responsible for health care, education, and many social services
Direct or indirect (gas tax) provision of infrastructure
Key role in municipal land-use
oProvincial planning act (1990)
Overarching policy document which set conditions how many farm lands
can be taken up by residential land.
oProvincial Policy Statement
Governs such that they want to make sure that cities are sustainable and
that farm land isnt being taken up necessarily
Role of Government Municipalities
Considerable variation in terms of what municipalities provide
oOntario – municipalities provide many social services.
oQuebec – social services are provided provincially
Reflection of a long history of Quebecois policy or government with the
Party Quebecois which is a liberal government
In general, all carry out the following:
oFire protection
oLocal street/road construction
www.notesolution.com
Urban Geography
April 6, 2010
3
oProperty taxation, even though there is a transfer, you`re also paying an
educational portion that is turned back into the province
oLocal land-use regulation
Land-use planning Province Vs Municipality
Province Municipality
Issues provincial policy statement
under the Planning Act
Promotes provincial interests, such as
protecting farmland, natural
resources and the environment
Gives advice to municipalities and
the public on land use planning
issues
Administers local planning controls
Makes local planning decisions
Prepares planning documents. E.g.
Official Plan
Ontario Municipal Board OMB
Forum for resolving planning or municipal services provision issues.
Members appointed by provincial government
Issues dealt with include:
oOfficial Plans
oZoning-by-laws
oMinor variances from local by-laws, small changes
oDevelopment charges – charges that developers pay for a new building (i.e. new
sewage system) like a license for development
Love-hate relationship, OMB tends to favour developers. They’re supposed to be the
arbiters but they`re bias.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Urban Geography April 6, 2010 1 Urban Governance How things get managed or organized organized chaos Governance: ability to tax and generate other revenue It involves ability to regulate (land, commerce, etc.) Some methodology of solving social issues (health, housing, etc.) A way of managing, regulating, providing some kind of legal structure. Government is one from of governance. Canadian Municipal System Constitutional Status Roots in British law and practice o We have adopted the British Parliamentary System in Canada. o Parliamentary democracy Enshrined in law through Constitution Act 1867 Two orders of government o Federal o Provincial Municipalities provided for under ses of Subject In Ontario, Municipal Act establishes municipalities Cities exist because of the provincial government Role of Government Federal No legal or legislative authority in regards to municipalities Municipalities are creatures of the province www.notesolution.com
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