Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
HIS (3,000)
HIS103Y1 (400)

HIS103Y1 Lecture Notes - Polish Corridor, David Lloyd George

Course Code
Vasilis Dimitriadis

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Topic Fourteen
Post WWI and Treaty of Versailles;
Before the Negotiation
-- France wanted: Security against Germany;
-- Realized the fact that Germany IS stronger than France;
-- French attempts:
1. A military guarantee that would ensure French national security;
-- US did not approve; thus Britain would not agree;
2. Dismantle France
-- US did not approve (against national self-determination);
-- Britain said no with US.
3. Propose the League of Nation to have an international army to intervene;
-- US did not approve because: US would lose life and fight for Europe;
-- France was terrified that Germany could not be contained; Germany was the immediate danger to France;
-- France decided to do her best to try to dismantle Germany;
Negotiation at Paris
-- Different interests of different states;
-- US: 14 points to be the foundation; ideology;
-- Britain: improve Britain to the same position prior to WWI (leading power & navy)
Thus Britain wanted to recover Germany (main trading partner)
-- France: dismantle Germany;
-- Italy: Territory rewards promised by the Allied;
-- Japan: Territory (all Germanys colonies in Asia) & recognition (equal status with European states);
-- Failed:
-- Europe would not give Japan the recognition; Japan quitted the negotiation;
-- Italy quitted too; did not get enough territory rewards;
-- This left Britain, US, France as the three leading decision makers;
-- Lloyd George; Clemenso, Wilson (cabinet diplomacy again);
-- Ironically this already violated the 14 points;
-- Problem: no Germany, no Russia;
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
1. Germany:
-- Army reduced to 100,000; no navy; no conscriptions, tanks, generals;
-- Territory:
-- Alsace-Lorrain: France;
-- Denmark:
-- Article 231: Germany is the sole responsibility of the war;
-- Article 232: Germany had to bear the whole responsibility of the reparation;
2. Easter Question
-- New state: Poland, Yugoslavia; Czechoslovakia; (but violating national self-determination)
-- Polish Corridor: allowing Poland to have an open sea;
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version