HIS242H1 Lecture Notes - Independent Social Democratic Party Of Germany, Bolsheviks

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS242H1
German and Italian Revolutions
Germany
- After Kiel workers and soldiers councils are prevalent around north and
central Germany
- Nov 9, 1919- Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.
Republic declared twice; by the reform socialists in the
Reichstag
and the
radical socialists in the Kaiser’s Palace (these groups fight during the
revolution)
- The German labour movement is the largest in Europe and is now divided
between parties
- During the 1920s the SDP (Socialists) fight the KPD (Communists) in the
streets of Berlin
- Ebart becomes the new Chancellor of Germany, 1st president of Weimar
Republic. Institutes a progressive constitution and liberal government
- KPD is founded when the Sparticists break from the USPD (Independent
Socialists)
- The fight is on the Left but Ebart brings in the
Freikorps
against the Sparticists
(bad move). “Save Germany from Communists”
- Operations Council (Freikorps group) murder the head of the KPD
(Luxembourg and Lippenburg *spoke out against war in 1914*- abducted,
held, tortured, murdered and thrown into the Berlin river)
- Election- very high turnout, Liberal Democratic Parties (Reform Socialists,
Centre, German Democrats) win a 76% majority and form the Weimar coalition
(Berlin is unsafe)
- Revolution ends with the Freikorps crushing the Soviet Republic at Munich
- Germany satisfies all allied demands but the punitive peace is not lessened;
Alsace Loraine to FRA, Silesia and part of Prussia to POL, Danzig becomes an
international city (AREAS OF INDUSTRY)
- Germany loses territory and military surperiority (army capped at 100,000
men, no navy, demilitarized Rhineland, large indemnity) devastating to all
Germans, Right gains the advantage (dictated and shameful peace) and the
Republic is seen as despicable in the eyes of the right wing. Seen as
“UnGerman”, imposed by traitors; Politicians, women, socialists, Jews
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Document Summary

After kiel workers and soldiers councils are prevalent around north and central germany. Nov 9, 1919- kaiser wilhelm ii abdicates and flees to the netherlands. Republic declared twice; by the reform socialists in the reichstag and the radical socialists in the kaiser"s palace (these groups fight during the revolution) The german labour movement is the largest in europe and is now divided between parties. During the 1920s the sdp (socialists) fight the kpd (communists) in the streets of berlin. Ebart becomes the new chancellor of germany, 1st president of weimar. Kpd is founded when the sparticists break from the uspd (independent. The fight is on the left but ebart brings in the freikorps against the sparticists (bad move). Operations council (freikorps group) murder the head of the kpd (luxembourg and lippenburg *spoke out against war in 1914*- abducted, held, tortured, murdered and thrown into the berlin river) Election- very high turnout, liberal democratic parties (reform socialists,