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LEECTURE 13: Radicalism and Repression
Left wing radicals/socialists
๎€Minority, but significant- published a lot of newspapers etc.
Labelled as โ€œdangerous foreignersโ€
๎€To the stability of Capitalism
๎€Outside British tradition
Government worked hard to suppress- there was a struggle
Reasons for Immigrant Radicalism
๎€Came from experiences @ work: did the dangerous jobs. Insecurity, felt exploited,
dream of economic success failing= anger and interest in changing the system
๎€discrimination: often shunned, lowest of low in terms of status/power= isolation from
mainstream
๎€feeling that needs not met, raw power of state against
๎€also , hard work of leftist activists: exposed to Marxism at home, so took up activities
in new context (many from peasant backgrounds while these guys exposed in cities
to socialist ideas, so wanted to educate others)
๎€wanted international workers movement
Ukrainian, Jewish, Finns
๎€unusually active with the Left
๎€(also some Brits, Russians, Croatians)
Finns
๎€From rural areas, not involved in
๎€After WW2 socialist movement, Russian Revolution= on own big fight to see Red
(socialist) vs. Whites would control
๎€1980-90: war- whites won, taken over by conservatives
www.notesolution.com
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๎€Reds fled at this point- some to Canada
๎€Experienced in radicalism
๎€โ€œHall Socialismโ€
oRadical activity within ethnic community halls
oFinish (socialist) organization of Canada
๎€Ukrainian Labour Farmer Temple Association
๎€Jewish Labour League
= centres of community life
๎€Recreational activities- theatre , dances etc
๎€Important meeting places where could feel at home
๎€Also subject to the msgs of the Red leaders, so began to educate rural folk and
sometimes had success
Left Wing Political Parties
Social Demographic Party of Canada est. 1911
๎€No particular ethnic group
๎€Candidates in election, able to propagandize
๎€Sometimes had places in provincial government
๎€Never a mainstream party though
Communist Party of Canada est. 1921
๎€Also brought together many
๎€Inspired by Russian revolution **
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๎€Wanted world movement that took leaders of Moscow
๎€Bulk were Ukrainians, finns, Jews
๎€Also ran in elections
๎€Active in labour movement
๎€โ€œthe workerโ€ newspaper
Unions and Radical Immigrants
Mainstream craft unions: most unions were craft unions- highly skilled workers (with
specific skills) employer needed their skills so joined in collective. Not heavily peopled by
immigrants.** Conservative, exclusive* . Some exceptions- Jews in cities formed unions,
mainly in garment industry, fighting for wages etc.
IWW Industrial workers of the world, โ€œWobbliesโ€ est. 1905
๎€Another exception
๎€Found in Chicago, mainly in western Canada
๎€Thought everyone should be in one union= more strength
๎€Believed in the STRIKE as a tool, forget ballots because many donโ€™t have a voice
๎€Esp. during building of railway in BC, harvest workers, lumber industry...
๎€Workers from many backgrounds /languages*: issued newspapers etc. In different
languages
๎€Interested in lowest of society- immigrants, sojourners..
๎€Gave them sense of purpose
๎€(victims of police repression)
Workers Unity League est. 1929, communist led unions:
๎€Est. by orders of Moscow
๎€Capitalism in crisis- depression, can now make sure socialism rises (not fascism
which was a threat)
๎€Made some headway- but never mainstream
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Document Summary

minority, but significant- published a lot of newspapers etc. Government worked hard to suppress- there was a struggle. came from experiences @ work: did the dangerous jobs. Ukrainian, jewish, finns unusually active with the left (also some brits, russians, croatians) after ww2 socialist movement, russian revolution= on own big fight to see red (socialist) vs. 1980-90: war- whites won, taken over by conservatives www. notesolution. com. reds fled at this point- some to canada. Hall socialism : radical activity within ethnic community halls, finish (socialist) organization of canada. Important meeting places where could feel at home. also subject to the msgs of the red leaders, so began to educate rural folk and sometimes had success. wanted world movement that took leaders of moscow. Mainstream craft unions: most unions were craft unions- highly skilled workers (with specific skills) employer needed their skills so joined in collective.

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