HIS109Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: John Wycliffe, False Pregnancy, Anti-Clericalism

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21/10/15
Lecture 9
The Reformation in England
J. COLET (D. 1519)
J. WYCLIFFE (D. 1384)
CARDINAL WOLSEY (D. 1529)
THOMAS CROMWELL (D. 1540)
T. CRAMMER (D. 1556)
HENRY VIII (D. 1547)
EDWARD VI (D. 1553)
MARY I (D. 1558)
ELIZABETH I (D. 1603)
England judicial daughter of church
Heresy of 14th century
John Wycliffe
Vernacular bible
Not a huge effect in England because of Crown
House of York vs. House of W
Damage to kingdom and church
Dynasty of Henry VII (7)
Quite pious
Philanthropic towards church
During 15th century, state of England was seen as positive
B 5’s,  oks ad us i Eglad
Religious houses were very rich, possessed huge estates
130 and 150000 pounds per year
monastic community very rich and powerful
too much wealth changes character
some monastic stories could be propaganda, but still some element of truth (created
negative perception of church, serious attempts to look at reform by 2nd decade of 16th
century)
English monastic system not known for its virtue, but it worked
Cardinal Wolsey wanted to improve image of the English church
Must look at English church and monasticism from 20th century perspective
Most people sa these istitutios as good Protet for God’s ager, ofort to
troubled souls, often provided education)
Belief that there was an alternative rise of revolution
Lutheran Revolt
Anticlericalism manifested from vocab of Lutheranism
Vocab of religion used in societies not yet developed for change
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21/10/15
All problems were associated with Lutheranism
If you criticized the Church you were accused of Lutheranism
Other eleets…
Only thing that could allow for change to happen
England becoming wealthier
Mercantile class in England
Wealthy in towns and cities looking to purchase
Gentry in countryside wanted more land
Estates ppl wanted to buy were unavailable (owned by church)
Cao la states a’t sell hurh lad
Those who wanted to put states together in some way saw that the good deal was
oed  ppl ho ould’t sell it
As cities and towns grew, there was more need for social support (education, other
elements for sophisticated society, etc.)
Money collected from church not being spent on those things (spent on property, grand
things)
Groig alieatio  5’s
Examples of candal being magnified
More eyes on actions of church (church fulfilling oblligations)
Cardinal, Archbishop of York, Thomas (scandalborn of a mistress)
Place of the papacy
Operations farther away seem foreign
Angered large numbers of Englishmen
Canon law marriages, wills, testament, any property, any contractsmust be
tried in ecclesiastical court
Church courts very expensive to plead in
If you wanted judgement in your favour, took huge investments and time
Canon law in favour of church infuriated people with property
1335-1377
durig  ears’ ar, papa o side of Freh people elieed taes eig set to
Rome were actually being sent to Francenot true but made Pope seem evil)
everyone knew that the church was a part of society, but saw the Pope as a foreigner
Made popular community angry (reached tabloids)
Famous story case of Richard Honey
Wealthy London merchant
“patheti to Luther’s ideas
Saw his child die in 1514
Angry with church
Took dead baby to parish priest, asked to bury him, they said they would charge
(as they did for marriage, baptism, etc.)
He disagreed that it should be for free, not his fault his baby died
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Document Summary

The reformation in england: colet (d. 1519, wycliffe (d. 1384) Thomas cromwell (d. 1540: crammer (d. 1556) Elizabeth i (d. 1603: england judicial daughter of church, heresy of 14th century. Not a huge effect in england because of crown: house of york vs. house of w. Damage to kingdom and church: dynasty of henry vii (7) Lutheran revolt: anticlericalism manifested from vocab of lutheranism, vocab of religion used in societies not yet developed for change. 21/10/15: all problems were associated with lutheranism, other ele(cid:373)e(cid:374)ts . If you criticized the church you were accused of lutheranism. Only thing that could allow for change to happen. Wealthy in towns and cities looking to purchase. Estates ppl wanted to buy were unavailable (owned by church) Canon law marriages, wills, testament, any property, any contracts must be tried in ecclesiastical court. Church courts very expensive to plead in. If you wanted judgement in your favour, took huge investments and time.

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