Lecture Note

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Published on 17 Jan 2011
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS263Y1
Professor
HIS263 Oct 14
The Loyalists and their World
1.) The Quebec Act
British officials aimed to promote the French-Canadian people into loyal British
subjects after the conquest by bringing about their assimilation
The French language and Roman Catholic religion were deeply ingrained in the
French-Canadian culture
Imperial authorities move toward a policy of appeasement
Making concessions and doing things that they like
Seigneurs-aristocratic land-holders
Four key characteristics of the Quebec Act- 1.) LAND-territorial boundaries of the
British colony of Quebec are greatly extended 2.) RELIGION- it was unclear how
the French-speaking and Roman Catholic people would be absorbed and drawn into
the French Empire. Officially allowed for the legal continuation of Roman
Catholicism including the right of the Catholic Church to engage in tithing-
collecting a certain percentage of a given individuals annual income 3.) LAW-
French civil law would continue to be practiced. British criminal law prevailed,
however. The seigneurial system contrasts with the system of land tenure-i.e.
private property 4.) POLITICS- establishes for the first time an appointed
legislative council which serves as a kind of House of Commons- all overwhelmingly
sympathetic to the aims of the English regime
Deeply upsetting to the inhabitants living in the American colonies
By extending Quebecs boundaries south, the Quebec Act represents another
attempt on the part of metropolitan British authorities to prevent the westward
movement of Anglo-American settlers
The colonies of Anglo-Americans population was expanding-they wanted to go
westward because the earth was more fertile and the climate was warmer
It allowed for the continuation of Roman Catholicism-Anglo-American colonists
were Protestants
Objected to the appointed legislative council-undemocratic and a violation of their
liberties
They identify it as one of the intolerable acts (another example would be taxation
without representation)
Results in the outbreak of the Revolutionary War
2.) American Invasion
1776-Declaration of Independence of American colonies
Justification-they feel that the Quebec Act anticipated future events that would
occur
Continental Congress-chose to take the initiative to launch an invasion in 1775 of
the British colony of Quebec-two armies would merge to attack Quebec City
(Montgomery and Arnold)
The Americans believed that they would be greeted as liberators
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