Class Notes (834,628)
Canada (508,661)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Anthony Cantor

-Brophy quote: pg. 272 (theme of second half of course) transformations were gradual, some of the old traditions continued -Modern Europe emerged out of 2 transformations: French Revolution & Industrialisation how did they lead to: -new political structures, ideologies, social relations & economic conditions emerged out of the tensions & challenges of those transformations? The French Revolution (review) -Constitutional Monarchy -Jacobins -Wars of the Fr. Rev. (1792-1802) -Radical Republic -The Reign of Terror (9/1793-7/1794) -Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) -Thermidorean Reaction -Directory (11/1795-11/1799) Napoleon: Lecture Outline 1. Reconciliation of old & new regimes 2. Administrative reforms 3. Code Napoleon 4. Military conquest 5. Reorganization of Germany 6. Stimulation of national feeling in Europe -Napoleon took power in 1799 & his rise to power was a symptom of the upheaval of the rev.: climate of fear & paranoia b/c the powers of Europe saw it as imperative to squash the rev. -summer 1799, looked like Russia & Britain were about to invade France & internal war in France, led people to believe the regime needed to be strengthened or else it could be overthrown, needed to find a way to increase central rule, a popular figure: Napoleon was a popular general, someone who could centralize power & protect rev. against foreign & domestic enemies -after Napoleon took power, he emerged as the strongest power in the Fr. gov’t (coup within a coup) -Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) -coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9, 1799) –The Concordat of 1801 –Peace of Amiens (1802) – Civil Code of 1803 (Napoleonic Code) –French Empire (1804) -1802: had himself made permanently First Consul -1804: had himself declared hereditary emperor -always walking the line between being a child of the rev. & asking in ways that seemed to contradict ideas of the rev. (reconciliation of old & ne regimes) -in order to rule effectively, he realized he needed some degree of legitimacy, which he attained through certain achievements in his early years in power: he developed & used legacy he used in Fr. Rev. to present solutions to some disruptions that had occurred in France (Concordat, Amiens) to restore peace gave him ability to centralize power in himself & bring about many reforms -1800: Napoleon defeated the Austrians, made peace settlement in 1801 & signed Peace of Amiens w/ British in 1802 brought him credibility, popularity to maintain support as Emperor -1801-1804 was relatively peaceful compared to before Fr. Rev. -1801: Concordat was an agreement w/ the Catholic Church, it healed the rift between the state & the Catholic Church from the rev., 1) pope accepted the sale of Church lands, in return, 2) Napoleon gave official recognition to the Catholic faith in
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.