Class Notes (838,387)
Canada (510,873)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

New Imperialism.docx

3 Pages
112 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Anthony Cantor
Semester
Winter

Description
New Imperialism -“Scramble for Afirca”: wave in 1880s of European rivals I. Motivations for Imperialism II. Tools of Conquest III. Scramble for Africa IV. Imperialism in Asia I. Motivations for Imperialism -Economic causes -people thought money could be made from Imperial adventures -companies were ruling large territories w/ their own military power, Ex. British East India Company -needed expanding sources of natural resources & markets & investment opportunities for the new capital produced in late 1800s -Africa & Asia were most appealing -there was a large consensus that this was a good thing to do w/ growing industrialization “The highest stage of capitalism” -by Lenin in reference to Imperialism -Marx had predicted the middle-class would continue to create a global market, thought that capitalism was about competition & over-production (needing new markets) -Marx said that history had to go through certain stages; believed Imperialism would speed up these developing processes in developing countries -Lenin expanded Marx’s view of what Imperialism had to do w/ economic forces & Capitalism, saying Imperialism is a technique that allowed countries to put off revolutions at home, but European nations could delay inevitable workers’ revolutions by making use of poorer countries -Marx & Lenin thought colonialism & imperialism came from the same ideas as Capitalism -states would build up military to make sure their colonies would remain in their possession -“Social Darwinism” & Nationalism -if you didn’t compete for resources, other people would & you would decline, becoming the weaker, unfit to survive -1880s: great powers competing for colonies driven by economic logic & aggressive national competition -political motivations, esp. France: Fr. gov’t saw Imperialism as a good way to build up national morale after their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War -Bismarck liked the idea of the Fr. focusing on an empire in Africa b/c it might distract them from wanting to get revenge & re-claim the territories they lost ”New Imperialism” b/c it is distinguished from the colonialism of the 1500s, b/c of its extent & legacy -extent of European domination of the world: 1800: Europeans controlled 35% of the world’s land surface, 1878: 67% 1914: 84% -“White Man’s Burden” & “mission civilisatrice” -Europeans believed they had a duty to spread civilization or Christianity to “savages” to explain it to those who might’ve doubted Imperialism -to teach the virtues of Western cultures, ex. cleanliness II. Tools of Conquest -Transportation -New Imperialism happened majorly b/c of new transportation, like new steamships & esp. railways -Industrial technology enabled this new colonization -also communication technology, ex. telegrams -Weapons -ability of Europeans to use force increased a lot -Winston Churchill observed a Sudan battle in the late 1800s & described effects of machine gun on the native population -Joseph Conrad was against the “conquest of the Earth” -Medicine
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit