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HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture 11

Lecture 11- The MidAtlantic Region

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Heidi Bohaker

The Mid-Atlantic Region to the Mid-Nineteenth Century  Each of these colonies are small and controlled by very small ruling elite from Britain with appointed governments  By the end of 1850s, all 4 of these colonies will have representative governments and governing councils drawn from the assemblies  Each of these 4 places is shaped by distinct patterns in indigenous newcomer relations and distinct patterns in immigration  Distinct economies, distinct local politics  Each region in Canada have different issues that they bring at the federal level - many of those issues can be traced back to this period  The populations all grow for the 4, but the rates of growth vary  Following the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, many soldiers on half or no pay, civilians who were profiting lose contracts, not unusual for recessions to follow wars  People in British Isles looking for new enterprise and lives in Canada  Industrial Revolution happening in England - "cottage industry" in Britain being pushed out by the products of new industry  Important to remember to lump all the British Isles together  England, Welsh, Scottish, Irish  Scots come especially to Nova Scotia  Bring common value for education, Scottish Enlightenment  Bring 2 religions, Protestant and Roman Catholic  Irish are usually the poorest - more Irish come before the Famine, not during  Mix of Protestants and Catholics --- Protestants merged, Catholics spoke Gaelic and stuck together  Irish bring some conflicts with them  Much smaller numbers from Wales  Even less people from other nations (hopping off ships)  Whatever was happening at home, better to take a chance in new world  Boom dies by the 1850s Newfoundland  Remains a British colony until 1949  One of the earliest places that receives settlement early 17th century  Beothuk/Colonist Relations o Conflicts between o Shawnadithit - was captured, servant, and lived with ______ who recorded information on her peoples - she was in the last of her tribe - one of 3 extinct Native languages  People o People originally just came for fishing in the summer o Irish Catholic and English Protestant (50/50) o Set up different settlements, intermarriage is discouraged - religious control o Blending of languages that created Newfoundland English  Economy o Created the seal hunt industry o 600,000 seals w
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