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HIS317H1 (43)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8: Defeat, DPs and Denazification, 1943-1947

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University of Toronto St. George
Jennifer Jenkins

Lecture 8: Defeat, DPs and Denazification, 1943-1947 I. The Killing Fields: the Camps of Operation Reinhard Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, April 1943 II. The Military Tide Turns Stalingrad, Feb. 1943 The Bombing of German Cities The Red Army Advances D-Day in the West III. The Death Marches The Western Camps Expand The Flight of the Expellees What the Soldiers Found Liberated But Not Free IV. Defeat in Berlin V. The Potsdam Conference and the Four Zones VI. DPs, Denazification and the Rubble Women -March 1942, 75% victims still alive, while March 1943, 75% were dead -the core of the Holocaust was an intense rage of mass murder, Christopher Brownning -6 main camps: 6 death camps, of which 3 were extermination camps -Chelmno (first to kill with gas in 1941), Treblinka, Sobibor, Maidanek, Belzec, Auschwitz -start killing systematically in a mass way in 1942, with gas -numerous areas around Belzec, and Labline are swept and ppl are killed -3 months later in nearly 100 000 are dead from Belzine -after Polish Jews are dead, then the Czech, German Jews fill it up -in operation for about a yr and 4 months -killed a large number of Jews, Sinti, Roma -then closed down, and traces are removed -Belzec was the deadliest of the camp, only 2 survivors -Sobibor, like other camps near urban areas, but set in the remote countryside -only 50 survivors -Nov. 1943, after revolts the camp was closed -about 150 000-250 000 Jews dead, memorial in 1961 -Treblinka, built in spring 1942, outside of Warsaw -Warsaw ghetto uprising, spring in 1943 -German attack of the ghetto was scheduled for Passover, and the taking of the ghetto was street by street, great resistance to the SS, but failed, and all of the inhabitants were killed -17 000 communities destroyed -as the mass exterminations are going on, as the Nazis reach their height in occupying Euro, high point in 1943, also becomes the turning point in WWII -Scandinavia, Vichy France, E. Euro. (puppet states), and in to USSR -the military turning point of the war -Battle of Stalingrad, from 1942-1943, by Feb. 2, 1943, German luck ran out, the 22 divisions of the 6th army were taken prisoner in Stalingrad as they were encircled, the tide begins to turn -cause of the war economy, army provisions
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