Class Notes (836,960)
Canada (509,983)
History (3,264)
HIS377H1 (28)
Lecture 2

HIS 377 Lecture 2 Week 2 January 17th 2013 - Wilson.doc

5 Pages
61 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS377H1
Professor
Professor Candace Sobers
Semester
Winter

Description
HIS 377 – 20 Century American Foreign Relations Lecture 2 Week 2 January 17 , 2013 To Make the World Safe for Democracy o Empire’s Workshop: the US in Latin America o Wilson, Mexico and the Revolution o From Neutrality to Belligerency o The League Fight o The Legacy of Wilsonianism o Empires Workshop: o Monroe Doctrine (1823) o The Panama Canal Controversy (1903) o “Big Stock” Diplomacy and the Roosevelt Corollary (1904) o When McKinley is assassinated, Roosevelt becomes president during a rapid urban and industrialization period  A lot of immigration, social unrest and dislocation as well o Roosevelt was a progressive o Roosevelt believes government has a role to play – it has a duty to be active o Roosevelt believes the rest of the world would benefit from adopting American like values o A period if internationalization for America and the nationalization of the world o Professor Sobers believes that there was no isolationism at this period, they were purely heading towards interventionism o Latin America: o Roosevelt tests the water in Latin America o Latin America was seen as a laboratory, a test site for American foreign policy and developing nations o Roosevelt sought to build a canal in Panama, but Panama was controlled by Colombia and the French had already been given the opportunity to build a canal o Roosevelt tries to negotiate with the Colombians but they don’t cooperate o Roosevelt attempted to purchase a 10 mile wide area which would be sovereign to the US and its laws  Refused in the Colombian government o Roosevelt becomes fed up and seeks to liberate the Panamanians from the Colombians o Panama breaks free from Colombia and the Panamanians give the US access to build a canal o SIGNIFICANCE: US interfered in Latin America, they made Panama independent and they secured access for a canal o Roosevelt Corollary: o Venezuela has a civil war, and it incurs debts to the British and the Germans o The US fear that the Europeans will show up to take their money back o This interferes with the Monroe Doctrine as it clearly violates the rule of protecting the Western Hemisphere o The Corollary states that it needs countries to be stable, orderly and prosperous o Woodrow Wilson o Quiet, sombre, intellectual and progressive o He wants the US to ensure that stability is ensured in Latin America  “Teach them to elect good men” o No experience in foreign affairs – not interested o He wants to reform American domestic society o He believes in the importance of good government, in the US, and maintaining stability o Very quickly confronted with revolution and instability o Mexican Revolution, 1910: o Dictator, Diaz o Good for business, bad for Mexicans o Madero and Zapata leading figures o US does not like this revolution happening on its doorstep o Wilson sent in the marines – US troops were arrested, and the US demand a formal apology, which they oblige, but they also ask for a 21 gun salute and the American flag to be raised – the Mexicans refuse – Wilson asks congress for permission to intervene o This is Wilsons first use of the Roosevelt Corollary and it is pretty successful o They want to maintain US honour o It also provides the US with the ability to head to any Latin American country with disorder and try to reinstate stability o Pancho Villa heads into New Mexico and raids it for supplies – the US becomes very angry  Dispatch a general to catch Villa – recalled in January 1917 o America in WW1: o Wilson blames the initial outbreak of war on the balance of power – he criticizes the European system of diplomacy  The BoP is instable o The global alliance system threatens the world o Initial American neutrality fell under the traditional mould – the neutral parties could trade with whoever they wanted  In theory it may exist, but it doesn’t work in practice o Wilsonian Neutrality:  Believes in the traditional interpretation of neutrality  Neutrality is generally seen as a weakened state  Wilson wants neutrality to seem like a position of strength – moral high ground, impartiality puts them above the rest • Idea of moral strength and moral recognition • The US was a moral power in the sea of immoral powers  He’s asking for the Americans to remain unattached to the war, whenever some individuals have family members still in Europe fighting  Wilson begins to set up potential peace talks instead of becoming a warmonger  The US is hypocritical, they are confident in meddling with Latin America, but Europe is much different and the US aren’t comfortable intervening in their affairs  Wilson believes that with American leadership, he can get the Europeans to settle o Wilson doesn’t want to Germany destroyed by a peace o The British had formed a massive blockade on Germany o The US protests the British blockade on Germany – it co
More Less

Related notes for HIS377H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit