ITA200H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Gaspara Stampa, Vittoria Colonna, Sestina

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19 Mar 2018
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ITA200H1
Lecture 9: Tuesday March 13th
March 13th, 2018 Week 9
Use of missionaries:
Dignity as a nation did not exist
Dignity as an idea
Ideally cannot expect to rely on foreigners the conclusion
Prince, so smart and cunning able to attain Fortuna (fortune) not a quality of
man but it is something that exists
Something of fate
Gigantic and important cultural phenomenon
Creates implications advent of the printing press
Date for the beginning of it approx. date around 1450 Gutenberg invented
movable types
Using a printing press to create an image or writing is not new Chinese had it
700 years before
But it was not like Gutenberg’s
Carve the wood and compress it and you have a page instead the movable type
This technology existed but Gutenberg made an invention with the moving type
Bronze or steel of a certain size within this particular table several lines on
which you line up little characters different typefaces jewellery industry
Typographers lining up the characters one after another to form the lines which
would form the page many pages became one printing page and then you put
the booklets together
The innovation was that of having a process that could multiply the pages
Gutenberg was moved by the idea of creating a simplified way of multiplying
texts
Manuscript way of multiplying the text people re-writing the characters
Gutenberg went bankrupt because the multiplication method he innovated was too
new and was not taken well
The first printed books were so unusual products looked like manuscripts
1450 invention of the press Gutenberg
1500 the first books come out within these past 50 years
Books are called “INCUNABULA” – this is plural
Singular is incunabulum
Means cradle these are books within the cradle
Distinguish them from printed books but these are precious books
The renaissance is before, during and after the incunabula
TEST: recognize 2-4 effects of print ten concepts and remember them
These are the ten concepts:
o 1. DEMOCRATIZATION
Printing press produces book that costs way less than manuscripts
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Renaissance Giovanni Picola di Manorla so many books and
manuscripts one of the greatest libraries of the time
1 century after mediocre poet would have something like 6000
volumes
Things change books cost less
When books were manuscripts peasant would work his whole
life and not be able to afford one
Printing press made books more accessible and cheaper
Culture is open to a larger population
Middle ages no printing culture was restricted to a few classes
of people
With the printing press it became available to the masses
culture was opened
Books became more accessible more people read and more
people write
Availability of books
o 2. REDUCED ILLTERACY
More people learn how to read and write
More books are available
The young started to become interested in the availability of books
and so illiteracy was reduced
o 3. NEED FOR MORE BOOKS
Something that we have a difficult approach to it
Need for more books
The first century of print first 50 years of slow growth of books
there were more books physically produced in the first century of
printed books than from Adam and Eve to the first century of print
o 4. INCREASE IN BOOK PRODUCTION
First century of books mass production
A huge phenomenon
Multiplication of books
Multiplication of the printing business
Rags paper
There is a huge social impact
o 5. DOUBLE REVOLUTION
A) The first revolution is a crazy activity
Madness in cutting and pasting new books
Manuscript books
See one of the big rules to really understand even in
contemporary city new medium to be established
The new medium takes possession of the content of the previous
medium
Manuscript books turned into printed books
This appropriation created the revolution
All manuscripts go into printed books
There is a need for more books
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