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Lecture 6

LIN201 Lecture 6 NFLD &Labrador.pdf

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Matt Hunt Gardner

Lecture 6 NFLD &Labrador June-05-13 8:16 PM - Final exam: June 26 @6:30 Lecture 6 Newfoundland and Labrador - Oldest European settlement in new world ○ Medieval Norse settlement by Greenlanders on northern tip of island  Did not work out, remains... still exist (?) - Native populations include Innu/Inuit in Labrador and the now extinct Beothuks on the island - Discovered again by Cabot, Lavrador, Corte-Real and Cartier, among others - - Europeans really liked NFL because it had access to Atlantic ocean, which had a lot of fishing resources, and rich fish sources Newfoundland (and Labrador) English - Much written about unique lexical items ○ Dictionary of Newfoundland English (1982) - Less written about phonological and morphosyntactic featrues ○ Many differences from major North American dialects  Many are historical preservations Lectures Page 1  Many are historical preservations ○ Some similarities with other non-standard/regional North American dialects - Permanent British/Irish settlement as early as the 1610s ○ Avalon Peninsula - Did not join Canada until 1949 - Most easterly province in Canada ○ Still isolated geographically - Different settlement pattern from the rest of canada ○ West County, England ○ South East countries of Ireland ○ Some other scatteredn European settlements (French/Acadian, Scottish (Gaelic), Portuguese, Spanish, Basque), with little lasting effect on local dialect - - NFLders speak like pirates because people from South West sound like pirates - Newfoundland (and Lab) English - Did not receive influx of United Empire Loyalists or large numbers of immigrants during the time of the great British/Irish/Scottish immigration in 1800s. - Majority of immigration was by those who either worked directly in or supported the cod fishery - Even to today little ethnic diversity Lectures Page 2 Newfoundland (and Labrador) - History of economic and social isolation - Many small communities (called " outports" - a Canadianism ) ○ Most only accessible by boat ○ Off-island trade done only by major centres ○ Little infrastructure, resources ○ Dense, multiplex social networks (how many networks does each person know) - see slide for diagram □ Multiplex = different ways in which two people know each other □ e.g. two people are friends, also doctor of the other, or friend's wife's sister or brother..etc  Norm-enforcing (follow rules, and norms...everyone in the community will know you and be aware of differences)  Preserved traditional dialects - After confederation (1949) there has been rapid urbanization ○ Forced community closures (of small communities) Higher rates of education ○ ○ Economic changes  1992 Cod Morritorium  Discovery of oil and gas deposits Labrador? - Labrador has a much smaller population than Newfoundland - Both English speakers and members of First Nations and Inuit communities - For the most part the dialect is similar to Newfoundland Linguistic Features of NFL English - Traditional dialects can be broadly divided into 3 categories ○ Standard Newfoundland English ○ English Newfoundland English ○ Irish Newfoundland English  With rapid urbanization this dis
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