LIN228H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Bilabial Consonant, Homorganic Consonant, Labiodental Consonant

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7 Nov 2016
Phonetics Chapter 10
Primary places of articulation
- Lower articulators: elements of lower jaw, including lower lip, lower teeth and tongue;
can be moved around, active
- Upper articulators: upper tip, upper, teeth, palate, velum, uvula, rear wall of pharynx;
does not move, passive
Made with one or both lips; includes bilabials, labiodentals, linguo-labials
- Lower lip articulates with upper lip to form bilabial consonant
- Stops: [p b]
- Fricatives: [ β]
o Fricatives are less common, but occur in Ewe (Ghana, West Africa), where
bilabial and labio-dental fricatives are both used
- Nasal: [m]
- Lower lip articulates against upper teeth
- Fricatives: [f v ]
o []: ɹomoʃɸɲniɴ nɲsɲl, suɴɹ ɲs in tɹe woʃd “symʁɹony”
- Tip or blade of tongue articulating with upper lip, indicated by diacritic ̼t̼ d
Made with apex or lamina of the tongue; includes dentals, alveolars, alveolo-palatals,
postalvealors, retroflex
- Can be made with either the tip of the tongue (apico-dental) or the blade (laminodental)
- Fricatives: [θ ð]
- Dental sounds shown by using alveolar symbol with diacritic: [t̪ d
- Apico-dental: indicated with diacritic: [t d
- Laminaldental: indicated with diacritic: [t d
- Dental fricatives: [s
̪ ̟
- Interdentals: tongue thrust forward so tip protrudes through teeth; indicated by diacritic:
- Made with either tip (apico-alveolar) or blade (laminoalveolar) of tongue
- Apico-alveolar: [t d n]
- Laminoalveolar: [s z]
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