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Lecture

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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN229H1
Professor
Rohany- Rahbar

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LECTURE 4: MARCH 2nd is the mid-term
Review of last chapter (4):
Output of morphology comes with the suffixes, prefixes, all the rules have been
applied
Contrast-neuralizing
Just looking at word itself not enough look at the sentence or phrase to find
underlying form of segment
More than one rule usually interacting with each other, know which one
applies first and which second
To solve complex set of alternations
Know the rules and the ORDER they are to be applied in
In Votic
In group c, finally a change schwa in the partitive case of final raising or
fronting
Final raising/fronting - the slash means
oSchwa to I is raising and fronting
oE to I is rasising
oExample o to u is raising and u to o is lowering
E to o is called rounding and backing
oWant rule to be applicable to final schwa
In group d change in vowel AND consonant
oShould not have a ke, k(schwa) -> ci rule
Because already the e and schwa have already been accounted for
Vowel part accounted for
Now for the consonant part
This is palatalization
Case of when multiple rules applying
oTHINK ABOUT THE INTERACTION
oThese two rules are ORDERED
Vowel rule must be applied to provide the context in which the
second rule can be applied
Russian data from last weeks lecture
One rule called final devoicing
EX. Derivation of muza (genitive form)
oUR: /muz-a/ ***have the hypen to denote the suffix
o-------- ***this rule does not apply because final devoicing applies in the
final position, and the consonant does not occur in the final position
oSR [muza]
oThe hyphen is optional
Kamba
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Description
LECTURE 4: MARCH 2nd is the mid-term Review of last chapter (4): Output of morphology comes with the suffixes, prefixes, all the rules have been applied Contrast-neuralizing Just looking at word itself not enough look at the sentence or phrase to find underlying form of segment More than one rule usually interacting with each other, know which one applies first and which second To solve complex set of alternations Know the rules and the ORDER they are to be applied in In Votic In group c, finally a change schwa in the partitive case of final raising or fronting Final raisingfronting - the slash means o Schwa to I is raising and fronting o E to I is rasising o Example o to u is raising and u to o is lowering E to o is called rounding and backing o Want rule to be applicable to final schwa In group d change in vowel AND consonant
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