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23 Dec 2010
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LECTURE – NOV. 3
5) Modal cannot be on the right side of negation
Generalization drawn: negation marker needs a modal or at least one auxiliaries
In English, whether something is an auxiliary or not
-if it can be moved to form a yes/no question, it is an auxiliary
oThis works only for first auxiliary
-Forms of be, have, and do can be auxiliaries BUT NOT ALWAYS
-Modals: can should shall might must could would will etc.
6) To negate a sentence, cannot just insert not
Must have an auxiliary inserted
Only insert an auxiliary if there is no other auxiliary present
7) No auxiliary, verb on left side of negation (top ex)
Auxiliary there, verb on right side of negation (second ex)
Must have verb in front of negation marker
Either an auxiliary or a verb in front of the negation in French
8) with adverbs
9) In English, T needs to be filled; cannot move lexical verbs into head
10) In French, T position must be filled
11) To show movement, use t representing traces
13) French is a verb raising language, something must be in T position always
14) this is fine
15. She has read the book – still needs to raise “has
16. Eng only raises auxiliaries; French is verb raising language in all contexts
19. Multiple auxiliary verb phrases
21 move into T for French
for English,
Modals are always going to be in T position
Can never have modals with do-support; can have modals with lexical definition of “do”
22) One auxiliary, be, called a copula
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