NMCLecture10.doc

5 Pages
106 Views

Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course Code
NMC101H1
Professor
Zoe Mc Quinn

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
nd NMC343 LECTURE 10 – NOVEMBER 22 - I apologize for the strange grey bars – I use Evernote to keep all my notes and copied these directly from there. Obviously, the tabbing seems quite strange to my open source word processor, so it looks a bit wonky – but the information is all there! Test - map, multiple choice, short answer, essay question - essay question choices - early dynastic period: aspects of kingship - old kingdom: monumental architecture - middle kingdom: literary evidence 11th Dynasty con't - Sankhkara Mentuhotep III - Son of Mentuhotep II - referenced as the eldest son of this king - reign turin canon: 12 years - mandate: protection of Egypt - Expeditions - Punt - led by Henenu - numerous building projects, all about establishing religious kingship and control - built to remind all of the connection between him and the divine - Elephentine, El Kab, Tod,Armant,Abydos and Thebes - celebrated a heb-sed atArmant - tomb was never finished - Nebtawyra Mentuhotep IV - son of Imi, secondary wife of Mentuhotep II or Mentuhotep III - missing on most kings lists - heir to the throne? - other claimants (took on aspects of the titulary): - Qakare Intef - Sekhentibre - Menekhkare - expedition to Wadi Hammamat lead by vizier Amenemhat who may be Mentuhotep IV's successor - Government and Administration of the Eleventh Dynasty - change of ideology - Old Kingdom = Implicit Statement, role of the king is fact, his word is law - Middle Kingdom = explicit reasoning, clear and concise reasons why they rule - they can control and protect it, ensure religious ceremonies are continued - ruled based on their worthiness - re-establishing a central government - Mentuhotep II appointed nomarchs - vizier: increasing duties - military action, trade envoys - Governor of Upper Egypt (from Old Kingdom) and Governor of Lower Egypt (new) - foreign relations - Expeditions to Byblos and Punt - Religion in the 11th Dynasty - Montu: deity of Thebes and 11th Dynasty - important to the persona piety of the king - Hathor - Coffin texts: all people becoming Osiris in their death - must have access to texts and embalming to be able to do this... not a true democratization of religion - Funerary customs and Tombs: existence of social inequality and stratification - types of 11th dynasty burials - surface graves, with or without a coffin - shaft graves, unusually with a coffin deposited in a subsurface chamber accessible by a rectangular shaft - tombs with the burial within several coffins and stone sarcophagus in a stone-mantled subsurface chamber accessible by a corridor - shwabti figures: magic servant statues that come to life and serve you in the afterlife - became increasingly popular - Conclusions - reign of last king something of a mystery - Amenemhat I - vizier who became king Dynasty Twelve: Kings of the Residence of itchi-tawy - duration - turin canon: 8 kings, 213 years, 1 month and 17 days - documentation autobiographies of local governors - royals and non-royals stela, especially fromAbydos - letters from Lahun - literature - Amenemhat I - son of Senusret and Nefret the south (non-royal) - Vizier of Mentuhotep IV - founded new capital, Ity-Tawy - conscious break with Thebes, better middle point in the country - visible presences to both the north and the south - Amenemhat in Literature - The Prophecy of Neferti - Asiatic infiltrators, chaos, and then a new man rises to save Egypt - returns Egypt to its former glory - Walls-of-the-Ruler in Eastern Delta - series of forts that run along the Eastern Delta where the Sinai starts - help protect and control who comes in and who comes out of Egypt - Amenemhat in Nubia - Korosko (year 29) - established contact and control in Nubia here - Egyptians are permanently stationed here - driving south to the Second Cataract - fortresses at Semna and Quban - building projects - Bubastis, El-Khatana, Tanis, Karnak (first temple to Mut, wife ofAmun),Abydos (Osiris - explosion of worship of Osiris ), Dendera (Hathor) and Memphis (Ptah) - we know for sure he had a heb-sed, depiction found at the site of Lisht - Amenemhat I in literature: - he was killed after 30 years - Instructions ofAmenemhat I - attempt of an assassination; slowly stabbed to death while his son was away - Tale of Sinuhe - prince finds out that the father's been killed, abandoned the army - Sinuhe was terrified; to hear of the death of the king is a dangerous thing - Amenemhat built a pyramid at Lisht - Senusret I - son ofAmenemhat I - reign: 45 years - Continued expansion into Nubia - Year 10, Year 18 - major expeditions
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit