Lecture 10 - Decline of the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period

3 Pages
106 Views

Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course Code
NMC101H1
Professor
Zoe Mc Quinn

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
NMC343 -Ancient Egypt I Thursday Nov 8, 2012 Lecture 10 - End of Old Kingdom and FIP Pepy II • Grandson of Pepy I • How do we know who Pepys’dad is? • The Saqqara stone** • Ascended the throne as a child, with his mother acting as regent • Ankhnesmeryre may have been helped by his brother Djau • Reign: • Turin Canon -90 years • Manetho -94 years • Archaeological proof of year 65 and might be a more accurate count • Longest reigning monarch in the world! Image: Shows mother bigger than him • • Representing Isis? Mother of Horus? Her as a goddess? • Statement of her power? • Many wives, guaranteed by long reign Neith is the royal wife and mother of his son who will inherit throne after him • • Iput II half sister • Udjebten his aunt • Ankhnespepy III his granddaughter (his son’s daughter) Stays in his family to take care of grandad • • Acementing of her status in court • Formal marriage • Saqarra stone on her sarcophagus and because of this we understand the complicated relationships • Ankhnespepy IV mother of Neferkare-Nibi • Expeditions: • Sinai • Hatnub • Wadi Hammamat • Nubia • Punt • Byblos Increase in military forays • • Increasing reliance on Libyan and Nubian mercenaries Tomb of Harkhuf • Nomarch in Elephantine (Aswan) • Tomb in hills of Kubbet el-Hawa • Non-royal biography • Family tradition of exploration under Mourner to the land called Yam (south of modern Khar- toum) • Third Journey: • Diplomacy Yam vs southern Libyans NMC343 -Ancient Egypt I Thursday Nov 8, 2012 Lecture 10 - End of Old Kingdom and FIP • Final trip to nubia under Pepy II • Letter of Pepy II Probably written by hand of king** • • This is important, so important that he puts it on the wall of his tomb so that everyone knows the king has written to him • Promising him that his sons will be rewarded for his loyalty - everything he has earned is hereditary Interesting insight into Pepy II as a child with the power of a king • Decline of the Old Kingdom • Wealth of nomarch solidifying during this period given rights of inheritance • Using wealth still doing kings will but with own personal army His long rule is cited as part of the decline of the golden age of pyramids • • Long rule can lead to fatigue in the administration • Aking who is no longer active (and perhaps senile) didn’t have capacity to rule • Problem is he is the god on earth so we can’t depose him That being said there is alos a total disintegration of central rule during his reign • • Nomarch becoming more powerful and exerting greater influence • We see this through large and expensive tombs in major nomes of Egypt, built by: • Nomarchs • Priestly class • Administrators that work for Numerates • Splitting of role of vizier • Vizier of lowe
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit