First Dynasty of Babylon (1880-1595)

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NMC346 ± November 24, 2010
First Dynasty of Babylon (1880-1595) Continued
-votive inscription in honour of Hammurabi (british museum)
-IRUWKHJRGGHVV$VKUDWXP«KLVODG\DQGIRUWKHOLIHRIHammurabi, king of the Amorites Itur-
Ashdum, chief of the 6LODNNXFDQDO«(WF
-Votive statuette in honour of Hammurabi (Louvre Museum)
-for the god Amuru (means west), his god and for the life of Hammurabi, king of Babylon
-Meticulous administration under Hammurabi
-correspondence from Larsa ± was one of his major conquests
-Hammurabi and Sin-iddinam
-Hammurabi and Shamash-hazir
-the correspondence from Larsa portrays Hammurabi as a meticulous administrator absorbed in the
micro management of numerous dossiers with commoners being able to reach him directly.
-Samsuiluna (1749-1712)
- Samsuiluna son of Hammurabi experienced great difficulty trying to keep the empire together. By the
-Year names of Samsuiluna
-years 1-8: no military action
-year 9: repels Kassite invaders (new ethnic group)
-years 10-15: rebellions in Babylonia
-year 20: campaign against Eshnunna
-year 23: destruction of Shehne (Tell Leilan) in Northern Mesopotamia
-years20-22, 24-38: some campaigns in the Diyala, Zagros, and Middle Euphrates; fortification of
-Rebellion in Larsa
-a rebellion in the south brings one Rim-sin (II) to power, who briefly takes control in
-First Dynasty of the Sealand
-In the south a certain Illiman (or Illiman-ilu) seizes power in a city called Urukug and founds a new
dynasty called in the later tradition the first dynasty of the sealand (the Persian gulf). The new dynasty
ruled for about 250 years, until the middle of the 15th century.
-listed as the second dynasty of Babylon ± but technically never reigned in Babylon
-Decline of the South
-Economic and environmental problems cause a general crisis of southern cities, many of which were
abandoned at the time of Samsuiluna; the documentation stops in southern cities during his reign
-cause: most likely salinization of the soils caused environmental depletion
-evidence of migration to the north
-Kingdom of Terqa near Mari
-Some time after the fall of Mari, a new line of kings takes power at Terqa northeast of Mari and
threatens Babylonian control over the middle Euphrates.
-The kings of Terqa were Amorite, although one of them has a Kassite name (Kashtiliashu); they
probably rules what remained of Mari and the land of Hana
-Texts from Terqa mention king Yadi-Habum who occurs in a year name of Samsu-iluna
-Haradum on the middle Euphrates
-modern Khirbit ed Diniye in Iraq, about 90 KM southeast of Mari
-texts from Haradum show evidence that it was infact a Babylonian outpost
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