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Lecture 14

PHL201H1 Lecture 14: Hedonism, Moral Psychology, Egoisim (Epicurus)

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Mark Schranz

PHL201H1-S 2016-03-02 Lecture 14 Essay Questions Try to separate questions o If writing on Problem of Evil, dont need to write on FW o FW is relevant to PoE but here just writing an essay on PoE o In general shouldnt do too much overlap o Can think about things you learned from other authors in course o But should mostly focus on questions and their readings Problem of Evil Question o Essay Question: Is the theodicy offered by Van Inwagen a satisfactory response to the problem of evil? Doesnt explicitly mention Mackie Primary question is on Van Inwagen But still give small exposition of Mackie But job isnt to evaluate Mackie Its to show if VI successfully met the challenge o So need to talk generally about PoE o Your essay should present a clear explication of the general debate surrounding the problem of evil as well as the more specific debate we examined in class between Mackie and VI o How does VI attempt to respond to problem (exposition) o Explain more specific points he gives that focus on Mackie In particular need to explain how VI attempts to respond to problem of evil and how he attempts to respond to particular version posed by Mackie o While FW is important, your job is not to say whether or not people have FW If planning on arguing that VI solution is faulty because people dont have FW is not quite right This is whether or not people have FW In this paper should assume that FW is not a problem o Focus on VI, is he right? o But just saying hes right is not enough, need to say why Hedonism Another branch of philosophy o EX: A branch of philosophy that we already looked at was epistemology and its about knowledge and belief o FW and determinism is a position on metaphysics Value Theory: o Whats good? o What should we strive for? o What should we do? o Whats morally right and wrong? o How should we act towards others? o What things are intrinsically valuable? Need distinction between instrumental and intrinsic value: o Instrumental: Only valuable for the sake of the thing it gets us Ex: Paper money is not valuable in itself Wouldnt say that a good life is one where you have the most amount of money Money gets you things, but money isnt valuable itselfPHL201H1-S 2016-03-02 Only value piece of paper because it gets us other things that we want to get o Intrinsic: Want them for their own sake EX: Pleasure: Good feelings Want it for itself Thing you should act towards Knowledge, Power, Achievement, Beauty Knowledge: Lets say when you learn sthg you feel sense of pleasure and achievement If knowledge is intrinsically valuable, we dont want it because of the pleasure we get when we achieve it If knowledge was only good for the power it gave you then maybe knowledge isnt intrinsically valuable to you, and power is In this case you value knowledge for the sake of power But also might say that once we take out pleasure and power from knowledge, there might still be sthg valuable about knowledge that makes it intrinsically valuable Power: Has instrumental value (if have a lot of power, can use it for yourself if you wanted to) o Make people like him o Order people he doesnt like into battle o Instrumental to get those other things But might also be intr
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