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Lecture

Cosmological Arguments

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL235H1
Professor
E.Kramer
Semester
Fall

Description
The Kalam Cosmological Argument 1. The premises of the argument: a. The universal began to exist. (By “the universe” is meant everything that has begun to exist.) b. Whatever begins to exist has a cause that brings it into existence. Therefore, c. The universe was caused either by a preceding event in accordance with a law of nature (a cause as understood in natural science) or by a person acting intentionally. 2. Objections to each premise 3. If there is a cause that brought the universe into existence, is that cause itself uncaused? Leibniz’s Cosmological Argument 1. An analysis of the argument a. It is a contingent fact that the world exists. (The world is everything that exists
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