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Lecture 3

PHL205H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Paradox (Warez)

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Dominic Martin

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Lecture #3
The Paradox of Inquiry
OR how can we search for something we dont know?
Review of last lecture
I. Augustine wrote a piece of work called “How Can We Learn?
a. About the good life-- what to do and what not to do
II. Augustine talks a great length in the confessions, book 3,5,7 he talks
about his separation from Menachianism.
a. 2 reasons why he breaks with them
i. they are dualists he thinks dualism fails
1. they believe 2 princlples rule the world., evil and light
2. Augustine thinks that everything in the world is
incomphrehensible. If these princlples were to interact,
then there should be a third principle called monoism.
a. One principle is therefore out to hurt the other,
these does not seem to possible
ii. they have a wrong view about moral responsibility
1. Conclusion of Argument
a. If dualism fails, then it sets that there are 3
first principles. There can only be one first
b. Menacheans think that evil actions are
caused by an evil principle lurking into us
not clear on how this works Augustine
argues if evil is not something that comes
from the agent itself then how can we be
responsible? Same principle for goodness
c. Bad deed for Augustine lacks a certain
perfection, therefore you fall short of your
purpose or nature. Notion of the will.
(Quote from Confessions 1.1.1)
1. If you don’t know God, you can’t call upon God so that God may be known.
For if you don’t know God, you can’t target the right object to which you pray
2. But if you know God already, why would you call upon God? One of the
reasons for why someone prays is to know God.
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