PHL217H1 Lecture Notes - Martin Heidegger, Existential Clause, Dasein

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Published on 17 Nov 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL217H1
Professor
Lecture 14 PHL217H1 Oct 31st
1.) Being and Time in Heidegger’s oeuvre and in the history of philosophy
- Being and Time is not Heidegger’s main work
- The work was never finished
- He constantly subjects being and time to criticism
- The question of being which Heidegger claims has been forgotten with the
history of philosophy is a ridiculous claim
- Being in the way Heidegger says it should be distinguished from
beingness; being itself is not an entity. He says being is not a being in the
literal sense. Beingness is just a higher order of being.
2.) The “necessity” of the question of Being vs. the “necessity” of restating this
question
- Heidegger uses priority here to represent “necessity” and says it is the
question that cannot be avoided in one’s existence
- This is different from the need to reformulate the question; Heidegger says
philosophers should not appeal to obvious things.
- He mentions three prejudices; being is universal, indefinable and self-
evident.
- He says what is wrong with these prejudices is people taken them as the
end of questions instead of an opportunity to question something more.
- Restating may mean redoing or renewing a question or to formulate it
differently
3.) The structure of the question of Being and the Being of the questioner: the special
relationship between Sein [Being] and Dasein [the entity characterized by its
existence]
- One of our modes of being is the mode of enquiry
- There is a way in which entities with the character of being are related the
question of being
4.) Talking about ourselves adequately: redefinitions and linguistic innovations
- Some categories are inadequate in describing Dasein. Dasein can only be
spoken accurately in terms of existentials. The use of categories alone is
insufficient.
- Section 9 = Not only do we have a different essence of things; we also
have a different way of approaching essence. Our way of having our
essence lies in our existence.
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Document Summary

Being and time in heidegger"s oeuvre and in the history of philosophy. Being and time is not heidegger"s main work. He constantly subjects being and time to criticism. The question of being which heidegger claims has been forgotten with the history of philosophy is a ridiculous claim. Being in the way heidegger says it should be distinguished from beingness; being itself is not an entity. He says being is not a being in the literal sense. Beingness is just a higher order of being. The necessity of the question of being vs. the necessity of restating this question. Heidegger uses priority here to represent necessity and says it is the question that cannot be avoided in one"s existence. This is different from the need to reformulate the question; heidegger says philosophers should not appeal to obvious things. He mentions three prejudices; being is universal, indefinable and self-

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