PHL232H1 Lecture Notes - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
Professor
Personal Identity Bodily Continuity
B. Williams
First scenario
Two people, Ben & Rachel switch bodies
Rachel is in Ben‟s blue-body
Ben is in Rachel‟s red-body
Ben suffers from PTSD & Rachel suffers from Anxiety
Ben thinks he can get rid of his PTSD if he switches into red-body
Rachel thinks she can get rid of her anxiety if she switches into blue-body
So Ben gets rid of his PTSD but receives anxiety and his memory is of having anxiety
Blue-body talking as Rachel
If bodily continuity is a true swap, your memories would get transferred into someone else
Second scenario
You are under my power
1. Tomorrow, you will be tortured
I am scared that I will be tortured
2. Right before the torture, your memory of being told about the torture will be wiped
torture will be a surprise
3. Right before the torture, all your memories will be wiped
I don‟t feel better. You‟re going to make me amnesiac too and then torture me.
4. You‟ll be given a whole new set of memories, those of another person that‟s now living.
None of this is helping. I don‟t want to be tortured; I‟m still afraid. Being told that I‟ll get a new set
of memories only adds to the terror I feel.
Williams: “Fear, surely, would still … derangements as well.” (p. 168 right before second paragraph)
You would feel fear of being tortured because you are scared of being tortured in the future
Now these 2 scenarios are the same but have different intuitions. If you think you will get tortured with
new memories, it‟s like blue-body being tortured after the body switch. You relate to being you with your
body (scenario 2) and relate to being you with your memory (scenario 1). Which intuitions are better?
If this is right…options there presented.” (p. 168)
Second scenario is being represented as a “hateful prospect” while the first scenario is something
rational → one sided, differently represented; psychological continuity and bodily continuity
Psychological Continuity would say Objection:
In the 2nd scenario, there‟s no mention of the other person.
“But – someone will say this is to leave out exactly the feature which, as the first presentation of the
case showed, makes all the difference: for it is to leave out the person who, as the first presentation
showed, will be you.”
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Document Summary

Two people, ben & rachel switch bodies. Ben suffers from ptsd & rachel suffers from anxiety. Ben thinks he can get rid of his ptsd if he switches into red-body. Rachel thinks she can get rid of her anxiety if she switches into blue-body. So ben gets rid of his ptsd but receives anxiety and his memory is of having anxiety. If bodily continuity is a true swap, your memories would get transferred into someone else. You are under my power: tomorrow, you will be tortured. I am scared that i will be tortured: right before the torture, your memory of being told about the torture will be wiped torture will be a surprise, right before the torture, all your memories will be wiped. You re going to make me amnesiac too and then torture me: you ll be given a whole new set of memories, those of another person that s now living.

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