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Lecture

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7 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL271H1
Professor
moreua

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Announcements:
1. In class essay will be returned in tutorial next week
Today's Lecture:
2. Introduction to liberty and equality
Our questions
Retrant Charter rights
3.Berlin: What kind of liberty should the state protect?
Negative liberty - what it is
The state should protect it - within limits
When someone's negative liberty is sacrificed, there is an absolute loss
Positive liberty - what it is
The danger of positive liberty
4.Mill: what kind of liberty matters?
Some negative liberties
Positive liberty to pursue our own good in our own way
5.Mill's "harem principle"
What it is and why Mill thinks the state should respect it
Should we as Canadians adopt the harem principle
1.Introduction to liberty and equality:
2.Two different kinds of liberty
1.Negative liberty
2.Positive liberty
3.Canadian case law: pertains about revision to the Charter-appendix I of the
book
oHow the government ought to treat its citizens, not how citizens
should treat each other
oRights to liberty and equality
oAmong rights to liberty
Freedom of concience, religion, expression, opinion, peacefull
assembly, association
Life, liberty and security of their person and the right not to
be deprived thereof except in accordance with section 7
oHow should we understand these liberties?
oWhat do we mean when we say that the state should protect these
liberties
oAmong rights to equality:
Every individual is equal before and under the law....
Ie. Right to not be discrimation
So then what is discrimination
oWhat is it to treat someone equally?
www.notesolution.com
Berlin:
Berlin:
oPolitical philosopher
oEnglish
oAnalytic philosophy, but also historian of philosophy, so knows the
history of htedebates he's talking about
oProf likes this guy*
Aim: investigate the two concepts of liberty- negative and positive
oPositive liberty has nothing with positivism
A:
Negative liberty answers the question what is the area the subject should
be left to do whatever the subject wants to do without interference from
anyone else??
If we're not prevented from doing anything on our own
If there's something we want to do but can't, in order to determine whether
my inability restricts on my negative liberty, one must look at the cause of the
inability
oIf the government is preventing? - government is interfering with my
negative liberty
oIf something is physically not possible-then you're not restricted in
your negative liberty
B:
Without negative liberty we wouldn't' be able to pursue our projects
State should act in such a way as to protect our negative liberty
But there are limits
oShouldn't aim to maximize everyone's negative liberty
oWhy?
Our projects don't all harmonize with each other
If the state just stood back and let everyone to have
negative liberty, everyone would be in constant conflict
So the state needs to restrict our negative liberty to
state the conditions to pursue projects
Negative liberty is not the only value
There are other things that are of value: culture,
happiness, equality
Can sacrifice negative liberty of some people in order to
increase the happiness of other people, or to promote the
equality of other groups, or to protect a certain culture
C:
But when someone's negative liberty is sacrificed there is an absolute loss
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Announcements: 1. In class essay will be returned in tutorial next week Todays Lecture: 2. Introduction to liberty and equality Our questions Retrant Charter rights 3. Berlin: What kind of liberty should the state protect? Negative liberty - what it is The state should protect it - within limits When someones negative liberty is sacrificed, there is an absolute loss Positive liberty - what it is The danger of positive liberty 4. Mill: what kind of liberty matters? Some negative liberties Positive liberty to pursue our own good in our own way 5. Mills harem principle What it is and why Mill thinks the state should respect it Should we as Canadians adopt the harem principle 1. Introduction to liberty and equality: 2. Two different kinds of liberty 1. Negative liberty 2. Positive liberty 3. Canadian case law: pertains about revision to the Charter-appendix I of the book o How the government ought to treat its citizens, not how citizens should treat each other o Rights to liberty and equality o Among rights to liberty Freedom of concience, religion, expression, opinion, peacefull assembly, association Life, liberty and security of their person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with section 7 o How should we understand these liberties? o What do we mean when we say that the state should protect these liberties o Among rights to equality: Every individual is equal before and under the law.... Ie. Right to not be discrimation So then what is discrimination o What is it to treat someone equally? www.notesolution.com
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