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Lecture

The Taiwan Issue- March 25.docx


Department
Political Science
Course Code
JPA331Y1
Professor
Lynette Ong

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Chinese Politics- March 25
Taiwan
Political History of Taiwan
- Number of indigenous
- First wave of Chinese immigrants in 17th century, after the Dutch are defeated
- Most of these immigrants came from the province of Fujin and speak Taiwanese.
- Today 1.5% of population is indigenous
- Portuguese sailors call it Formosa in 17th century
- Formally becomes part of China in 1885
- Following Chinas defeat in first Sino-Japanese war they cede Taiwan to japan.
- Consequently, Taiwan was colonized by Japan for 50 years from 1895-1945
- When Japan surrendered after WW2, KMT take control.
- Chnag Kai Shek retreats to Taiwan and established Republic of China after defeat
to communists in 1949
oMajority of these people speak mandarin chinese.
- Political history quite complex- Portuguese, indigenous, Japanese colonization
- Not just an island full of Chinese people
- History of Taiwan gives rise to complex national identity
Taiwan’s National Identity
- 2 main groups beside indigenous people
oNative Taiwanese who are ethnically Chinese but their ancestors came in
the early period and they seak Taiwanese. Refered to as Beshengren (from
within the province)
oThe mainlanders who came in 1940s who speak Mandarin Chinese.
Refered to as Waishengren (outside of Taiwan)
- According to views on cross trade relations three groups
oOne group supports unification with China
oThose who support independence
oThose who are in favour of the ambiguous status quo.
- Status quo- Taiwan is not a sovereign state. Not recognized by UN. Has
diplomatic ties with very few countries… fewer and fewer because of Chinas
growing influence. China is able to use diplomatic aid and alliances to form
friendships.
- Even informal conferences such as APEC, Taiwan is referred to as Chinese Taipei.
- Very limited international recognition.
- 2 perspectives
- Historical destiny camp
oMainlanders who arrived in Taiwan who believe in historic destiny and
Taiwan should unite with China. Mostly older
- Then you have the pragmatists who have no clear ideological conviction. Belive
ein progress and change and motivstaetd by utilitarianism. Support independence
or status quo.
- Majority of generation 40 and below are pragmatists.
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