POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Modernization Theory, Safety Valve, Party System

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India as an exception a highly contested democracy. State has failed to deliver in many ways democracy hasn"t produced responsiveness. Has not had frequent authoritarian reversals (just the period of emergency) More people in absolute numbers than other country in the world. Achievements in terms of human and social development leave much to be desired. India has elections beyond the state and federal level even down to the village level. Arundhati roy the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer criticism of. Critical of free-market capitalism and its influence on indian democracy. India"s democracy the biggest gamble in history b/c of the introduction of universal suffrage. **success in participation but the failure in responsiveness of government** Modernization theory came out in the post- ww2 context. Traditional societies values that are more hierarchical, feudal, Contrasted with modern societies more rational, bureaucratic, more secular. Higher levels of socio-economic development would be correlated with democracy.

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