POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Andrew J. Nathan

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Published on 9 Feb 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Political Science November 1st, 2010.
Democracy with Chinese Characteristics
Reading: Larry Diamond,Liberation Technology, pp. 69-83
Edward Friedman,Why the Dominant Party in China Wont Lose, pp. 252-268
Andrew Nathan, “Authoritarian Impermanence, pp. 37-40
China in the Modern Era
1850 Chinese increased by 6 folds since Ming dynasty but not in chinas economic
productivity
Qing Dynasty made china an economically backward dynasty
Ching Dynasty was Manchurian Dynasty and were not considered Han, and were
considered barbarians who had ruled China—nationalist revolution
End of the Qing Dynasty - Awful in minds of Chinese to lose war to Asian
country
Republican revolution – throw Manuchurians out
Sun Yat-Sen – “Three Principles of the People”
-Nation
-Democracy – Chinese would govern themselves
-Welfare – peoples livelihoods; that china had suffered under China Dynasty and
Manchurian outsiders and now modern China would serve the livelihood of
Chinese population
Non-Democratic Modern Era
China is economical miracles of all times
Was basket case economy now 2nd largest economy in the world
No democracy—poliarchy
Has terribly poor human rights record
No meaningful elections
Freedoms extremely restricted, e.g. censorship
No alternative to Chinese communist economy
China according to theories constructed from Western economy, should be democratic
(I) A Democratic Revolution
High tide of Maoist socialism (1949-56)
100 Flowers Movement (1956)
Anti-Rightist Campaign (1957)
Great Leap Forward (1958-1962):
1.Created commune system—Society reorganized into work teams
2.Steel furnaces that work would be done collectively
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) known as the 10 lost years – ends with death of
Mao
Yet no democratic revolution
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Edward friedman, why the dominant party in china won"t lose, pp. Welfare people"s livelihoods; that china had suffered under china dynasty and. Manchurian outsiders and now modern china would serve the livelihood of. Was basket case economy now 2nd largest economy in the world. Industry: deng xiao-ping and china"s four modernizations . Flirting with democracy: core set of asian value that privileges hierarchy as a way of promoting harmony, new culture movement (1913, democracy wall (1978, chapter 08 (2008) November 1st, 2010. (1) stability and economic growth: a harmonious society , authoritarian developmentalism, global capital (2) nationalism, legitimation of the cop, resist foreign interference, guard china"s sovereignty, democracy as western imperialism. Why should china choose democracy: normative good, greater socio-economic equity, global peace and prosperity. Why should the ccp choose democracy: transitioning in good times, e. g. taiwan, korea. They tend to win, opposition tends to be weak.