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Lecture

Genocide

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Political Science January 10th, 2011.
Genocide
Reading: Kuperman, Rwanda in Retrospect, pp.94-118
Genocide is committed with intent to destroy, in whole, or in par, a national, ethnical,
racial, or religious group
The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Genocide occurs by:
Killing member of the group
Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its
physical destruction, in whole or in part
Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group
Forcibly transferring children of one group to another group
Acts directed against political groups are excluded from the definition of
genocide
Crimes Against Humanity
The Charter of the International Military Tribunal, passed in 1945, described these
atrocities as customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions
2. War crimes, or violations of the laws and customs of war namely:
Murder
Ill-treatment
Deportation for slave labour or for any other purpose of the civilian population of
or in occupied territory
Differences between War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity
One instance of a reprehensible act could be a war crime, but not a crime against
humanity. The latter must be shown to have resulted from widespread and
systematic policy
Also crimes against humanity (e.g. destruction of property and systematic
persecution) can occur in any setting, while a war crimes takes place only during
war
The objection most frequently raised against the Convention on Genocide include:
The convention excludes targeted political and social groups
Providing intention beyond reasonable doubt is extremely difficult
the difficulty of defining or measuringin part, and establishing how many
deaths equal genocide
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Description
Political Science January 10 , 2011. Genocide Reading: Kuperman, Rwanda in Retrospect, pp.94-118 Genocide is committed with intent to destroy, in whole, or in par, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Genocide occurs by: Killing member of the group Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction, in whole or in part Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group Forcibly transferring children of one group to another group Acts directed against political groups are excluded from the definition of genocide Crimes Against Humanity The Charter of the International Military Tribunal, passed in 1945, described these atrocities as customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions 2. War crimes, or violations of the laws and customs of war namely: Murder Ill-treatment Deportation for slave labour or for any other purpose of the civilian population of or in occupied territory Differences between War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity One instance of a reprehensible act could be a war crime, but not a crime against humanity. The latter must be shown to have resulted from widespread and systematic policy Also crimes against humanity (e.g. destruction of property and systematic persecution) can occur in any setting, while a war crimes takes place only during war The objection most frequently raised against the Convention on Genocide include: The convention excludes targeted political and social groups Providing intention beyond reasonable doubt is extremely difficult the difficulty of defining or measuring in part, and establishing how many deaths equal genocide www.notesolution.com
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