Class Notes (922,233)
CA (542,774)
UTSG (45,887)
POL208Y1 (509)
La Haine (38)
Lecture

Lecture #3

4 Pages
65 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
La Haine

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
The different -isms: Each ism will have different answers.
-How do we deal with threat?
-Is cooperation possible?
-What do actors want?
-What is the most important for understanding international politics?
-Is there possibility for change?
Realism - The Realist !A Team"
Bismarck - Realpolitik:
Considered to be a genius of politics. Realpolitik literally means the politics of reality -
politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations. Conservative.
Minimalist (need to get to your goal without going overboard)/expansionist, militaristic.
“It doesn"t matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice” - Deng Xiaoping; it
often leads to !unholy alliances" (eg. communist and nazi alliance, regardless of
ideology. Do they serve our interest). Power politics, actors following their own national
interest.
E.H. Carr - Twenty Years" Crisis, 1919-1939:
“Places its emphasis on acceptance of facts and on the analysis of their causes and
consequences.” Carr criticizes leaders at that time for being idealists, and they should
have been realists. They don"t see the world as what it is, they see what they want to
see… and where did they get us? Another world war.
Thomas Hobbs, 1588-1679:
Wrote Leviathan (1651). The State of Nature: *A “war of every man against every man” *
Life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”. The solution: The creation of the State.
The Logic of Hobbes" Argument 1: *Man is selfish hedonist: “of the voluntary acts of
every man, the object is some good to himself” *All people are equal, rational, and
possessing a passionate love of survival (right of nature) - your only really right is the
right to survive *A person"s right of nature justifies violence against everybody else *In
the interest of personal survival, people will come around to agreeing that they should
renounce their right to use violence.
The Logic of Hobbes" Argument 2: *The creation of the Leviathan enforces stability -
citizens give up their independence to buy stability (this institution takes away our most
basic right, but in turn creates laws) *The Leviathan gets ultimate authority and a
monopoly over the use of violence *Morality, justice, property - are social constructs
imposed by the state and exist only so long as the state is strong enough to impose
them - they are tools for maintaining stability rather than inherent rights *Law is
dependent on power. “Legal positivism”: justice is whatever the laws says it is. An
“unjust law” is an oxymoron.
Bull: the Domestic Analogy. In international systems, we do not have a Leviathan.
Anarchy - The absence of government. The international system is anarchy. The
international state lives in a state of nature, living by the law of the right to survive and
use violence if necessary.
Hobbs and International Relations
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
The different -isms: Each ism will have different answers. - How do we deal with threat? - Is cooperation possible? - What do actors want? - What is the most important for understanding international politics? - Is there possibility for change? Realism - The Realist A Team Bismarck - Realpolitik: Considered to be a genius of politics. Realpolitik literally means the politics of reality - politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations. Conservative. Minimalist (need to get to your goal without going overboard)expansionist, militaristic. It doesnt matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice - Deng Xiaoping; it often leads to unholy alliances (eg. communist and nazi alliance, regardless of ideology. Do they serve our interest). Power politics, actors following their own national interest. E.H. Carr - Twenty Years Crisis, 1919-1939: Places its emphasis on acceptance of facts and on the analysis of their causes and consequences. Carr criticizes leaders at that time for being idealists, and they should have been realists. They dont see the world as what it is, they see what they want to see and where did they get us? Another world war. Thomas Hobbs, 1588-1679: Wrote Leviathan (1651). The State of Nature: *A war of every man against every man * Life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. The solution: The creation of the State. The Logic of Hobbes Argument 1: *Man is selsh hedonist: of the voluntary acts of every man, the object is some good to himself *All people are equal, rational, and possessing a passionate love of survival (right of nature) - your only really right is the right to survive *A persons right of nature justies violence against everybody else *In the interest of personal survival, people will come around to agreeing that they should renounce their right to use violence. The Logic of Hobbes Argument 2: *The creation of the Leviathan enforces stability - citizens give up their independence to buy stability (this institution takes away our most basic right, but in turn creates laws) *The Leviathan gets ultimate authority and a monopoly over the use of violence *Morality, justice, property - are social constructs imposed by the state and exist only so long as the state is strong enough to impose them - they are tools for maintaining stability rather than inherent rights *Law is dependent on power. Legal positivism: justice is whatever the laws says it is. An unjust law is an oxymoron. Bull: the Domestic Analogy. In international systems, we do not have a Leviathan. Anarchy - The absence of government. The international system is anarchy. The international state lives in a state of nature, living by the law of the right to survive and use violence if necessary. Hobbs and International Relations www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit