POL215Y1 Lecture Notes - Loaded Language, Authoritarianism, Consequentialism

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Published on 18 Nov 2011
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Lecture #8-China
Singapore is an example of a prosperous state deeply engaged in
international trade.
Understanding of democracy is consequentialist. Looking at policy output.
The Regime is responsive to citizens but not participatory.
Raises questions about stability and persistence of authoritarianism.
Current writing on the subject of authoritarianism:
oSoviet specialist (paradoxes of the new authoritarianism)
(Lipset)Why are authoritarian regimes surviving In the age of
democratization? Why has political science underestimate the
authoritarian regime?
oAnswer to first question: Liberalized authoritarian is not a stable
equilibrium. Performance is the only way that authoritarian regimes
succeed. They must deliver.
Argument #1 that would destabilize authoritarianism
Modernization theory argues that as income rise, middle class emerges,
Values Change. Democratic friendly ways rise. As a result. the authoritarian
regime falls
Adjusting policies that are responsive is what authoritarian regimes should
do.
Regimes like Singapore that has adopted democratic reforms still has a
perpetual hold on power (by rigging the field in elections)
21st century methods of enduring the democratic threat are vital in understanding
the survival of authoritarian regimes.
NathanNew way of looking at the Chinese Regime is the mixture between
stateism and etc…look at readings
Authoritarian regimes live under the shadow democratic institutions.
Suggests that China exemplifies a new distinctive sub-variant, stable,
authoritarian regime.
oPopular support
oCoercive powers of the state
oRepressive powers of the state
It may be more fruitful to ask if China would change to be more effective and
more universal for democracy
The China case contradicts the belief that democracy is the only method in
having effective polic responsive reaction to citizens’ demand.
We are all modernization theorists.
A question of when and how China would democratize
Do you think it would be better to ask if China transition to democracy, or is it better
for the Chinese to adapt to the demands of citizens? (different form of democracy)
Citizen control
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Document Summary

Lecture #8-china: singapore is an example of a prosperous state deeply engaged in international trade, understanding of democracy is consequentialist. Why has political science underestimate the authoritarian regime: answer to first question: liberalized authoritarian is not a stable equilibrium. Performance is the only way that authoritarian regimes succeed. Argument #1 that would destabilize authoritarianism: modernization theory argues that as income rise, middle class emerges, Positive and negative images of china: self confident china (italian suits, starbucks etc ) lifting everyone out of poverty, emergence of a powerful actor in modern state. Brutal image of china brutalizing citizens, take political prisoners, not self tolerant: scholars are juxtaposing these two ideas, studying china as opposed to concurrent trends, renovation, reinvention, disintegration chinese communist party adaptation. Twin processes: on one hand, dysfunctions of china and at the same time, adapting in effective ways: you wind up with a clich d characterization of china as beset by, e. g.

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