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8 Nov 2012
School
Course
Professor
Oct 25 2012
POL 312Y1 Canadian Foreign Policy
Prof. Greaves
Page 1
POL 312Y1 Canadian Foreign Policy
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Lecture 7 Thursday, Oct 25, 2012
Quiz next week
State
- It comprises 4 things:
o Pieces of territory
o Recognition of other states that it is distinct
o Has some population
o Has government
- State is political actors with legal personalities in international system
Nation
- Nation is not the same thing. Nation refers to groups of people that share
trait, history, language, culture, and desire for some form of political
representation as a union
- Nation is a sociological concept may or may not have those 4 things
mentioned above.
- For example, Japan is homogenous and has a very strong Japanese identity
Federalism
- Federalism contradicts fundamental aspect of sovereign state
- In Canada we have 11 different sovereign
- The basic supposition of federal political system
Confederation
- A political union entered into by political units
- Here, sovereign units can choose to stay together or leave
- Political communities from their moment of creation divides sovereign
between different types of government.
- Canada: We don’t have confederate system, we have federal system
- Sections 91 and 92
State
- History and change of the state
o While some powers are allocated to federal and provincial
governments, some powers are shared jointly between the
governments
o Since the Constitutional Act we have a few updates
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