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Failed States.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Winter

Description
Failed States 3/5/2012 10:07:00 AM Modernization: Sequences  West: State first, nation second, followed by mass politics.  The rest, this sequence not always followed. (Germany, nation first, state second; colonialism: resource extraction)  Mass politics before institutional development Praetorian 执政官 polities  A modicum of modernization (education, urbanization, industrialization).  Weak institutionalization – parties, bureaucracies, regulation.  Weak civil societies.  Democratic politics: programmatic versus clientelistic / charismatic.  Institutional overload: raw social power confronting states unmediated by institutions of civil societies and political parties. (care about institutionalism: states provide stuffs, but state cannot do everything. In most civil societies, there is low density of organizations. Except Canada. Put pressure on things government should do. Kopstein Appreciation Association on Facebook, Parent-Teacher Association)  International financial institutions apply pressures of their own. Praetorian polities: nationalism and political integration  Post-colonial state precedes “nation.” Problem of “tribalism” and national integration.  Dysfunction of parties (elections are ethnic censuses)  Dysfunction of bureaucracies.  Economics
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