Failed States 3/5/2012 10:07:00 AM
West: State first, nation second, followed by mass politics.
The rest, this sequence not always followed. (Germany, nation first, state
second; colonialism: resource extraction)
Mass politics before institutional development
Praetorian 执政官 polities
A modicum of modernization (education, urbanization, industrialization).
Weak institutionalization – parties, bureaucracies, regulation.
Weak civil societies.
Democratic politics: programmatic versus clientelistic / charismatic.
Institutional overload: raw social power confronting states unmediated by
institutions of civil societies and political parties. (care about
institutionalism: states provide stuffs, but state cannot do everything. In
most civil societies, there is low density of organizations. Except Canada.
Put pressure on things government should do. Kopstein Appreciation
Association on Facebook, Parent-Teacher Association)
International financial institutions apply pressures of their own.
Praetorian polities: nationalism and political integration
Post-colonial state precedes “nation.” Problem of “tribalism” and national
Dysfunction of parties (elections are ethnic censuses)
Dysfunction of bureaucracies.