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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Nationalism and Conflict Definition of nationalism: The ideology attached to a specific nation. A nation is a group that wants to have its own state. The nation being a group of people with a common culture, religion, ethnicity, or political allegiance. Traditional arguments support the idea that nationalism is the product of the nation. However, we find that the reverse is actually true: nationalism leads to the creation of a nation. Nations do not invent nationalism. Instead, nationalism invents nations. Nations do not exist outside of the imagination of the ideology of nationalism Nationalism manifests itself as the love of state, which in turn leads to the creation of state embodying the spirit of the nation it represents Nationalism says that the state and nation should be congruent. Nations should have states. The leaders of the states should share with the masses a common culture, language, history, religion, etc. Nationalism and Modernization: States appearing under these circumstance only ever occurs in the modern context Raises a hypothesis that there has to be something about modernity that fuels nationalism High culture and low cultures: European monarch and populations Historically, monarchs of European states did not necessarily share the same nationality as their people. The last Tsar and Tsarina communicated with English, not even their first language. There was no need for cultural congruence. Today, if the Russian President did that, they wouldnt be seen as Russians, not legitimate Along with industrialization came the need to universalize culture. Nations created governments for themselves as a means to standardize culture and political allegiance.
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