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Lecture

Democracy with Chinese Characteristics.pdf

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Democracywith Chinese Characteristics October-29-12 12:13PM • China-goesagainstFukuyama'sendofhistorythesis • Hebelievedthatdemocracywasgoingtoarriveinchina ○ However,thishasn'thappened • Chinamaybecomeanattractivealternativemodeltodemocracy ○ Itisa viablealternativetoourdemocracy • Itisthe backdropandcomingto theforefrontas thecompetingsystemtoliberaldemocracy • LiberalDemocracy=US ○ UShas beenindeclineforthelast20 years ○ Itisan attractivemodel  China,Howeverishavingtalksaboutpoliticalreform • ChinesePremierWenJia-Bao" thepeopleswishesforandneedsfordemocracyandfreedomare irresistible." -September,23rd,2010 • Thequestiontherefore,WhataretheprospectsofDemocracyinChina ?? • Todo this,youneedtoassesstheChineseviabilityasanalternativeform/systemofgovernment • Chinaisalsoa challengetoDemocracy Chinainthe ModernEra • TheideaofliberaldemocracyisnotforeigntoChina ○ Therehavebeenpotentialsfordemocraticbreakthrough • EndofQing Dynasty • 1842 - ChinaFoughta waron Opium,astheBritishweresellingOpiumtoChinese ○ TheChineseweresoundlydefeatedbytheBritish ○ Theywerealsoforcedtopaywarreparations • 1895 - fightagainsttheJapanese-Chinesecouldn'tloosethiswar ○ However,theydidandlostTaiwan • ThesedefeatshurttheprideoftheChinese • Bytheendof theQingDynasty- overpopulationcausedanationofpoorpeople ○ Chinabecameacountrythat waseconomicallybackward • Nationalhumiliation,overpopulation,andeconomicdisparitywouldleadtoarevolutionthatwouldend theQingDynasty ○ ANationalistRepublicanrevolutiontookplace ○ October1911 - Emperoroverthrown, RepublicofChinawascreated ○ 1912 - SunYat- SenbecamePresident  HewantedtorebuildChinaasa Country  Fromthisidea,hedevelopedthethreeprinciplesofthepeople: 1) Nation-thenationwastheimportantpart forthe people 2) Democracy-Chinesepeoplewouldbeequalcitizenstoeachother 3) Welfare-nationhadaresponsibilitytocareforit's citizens ○ 1912 Chinahad itsideasbasedofWesternPrinciples ○ However,thenewChinawouldnotbeDemocratic • China'ssystemischanging,andhardto describe • ChineseseeitasademocracywithChineseCharacteristics ○ Theyhaveapoorhumanrightsrecords,no divisionbetweenexecutivebranchandmilitary,no freedomofspeechnonexistentandmajorcensorship ○ Chinaisturningthetheoryofdemocracyonit's head ADemocraticRevolution? • 1949 - Underthe communistparty,thecountrybecamethePeoplesrepublicofChina • 3principlesthatweretobeused: 1) Socialism-wasaway to breakawayfrom feudalistictendencies 2) Newchinawasto bebuiltonthe Chineserevolutionaryspirit 3) Anti-ForeignNationalism-Chinesebelievedthattheywerevictimstoforeignaggression • Chinesebelievedwiththeseprinciples,theybelievedthatchinawouldbestrengthenedandunified ○ In1950's -therewas a hightideforMaoist Socialism(49-56)  Chinawouldnotopenit'sdoorstothe restof theWorld 1956 - Chinesegov'treleasedthere12yearplan ○ 1956 - Chinesegov'treleasedthere12yearplan ○ In12 years- Agricultureproductionwouldincreaseby185% ○ Inthefirstfewyears,theagriculturedidincrease  Mao (leader)washappybecausetherewaseconomicgrowth ○ 100 Flowersmovement1956-he wasopeningupthesystemtoallowpeopletocriticizetheparty ○ Believedthatpeoplewouldnotcriticisetheparty  Whathappenedwasthepeopleactuallycriticizedthesystem  Theywantedmorepoliticalliberalization ○ 1957 Anti- rightistCampaign-launchedbythecommunists  Goingagainstthepartywas illegal • GreatleapForward (1958 - 1962) 1) Formationofcommunes-workteamswouldworktogether,buteveryonewouldworktogetherin everything ○ Wasa way to eraseindividualism 2) SteelFurnaces-industrializationwascenteredaroundtheCommunes ○ Everygreatnationhadto havesteel ○ 1957 - allchinaproduced5.4tones  By1959 - Chinaneededtoproduce30milliontonsofsteel □ Hebelievedthatthiswouldbeachievablethroughthecommunes 3) Stateownedenterprise-everythingwasg
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