Oct 18 his midterm
Spain and Portugal
Identify their historical revolution
Right wing dictatorship
Tradition to Democracy
Consolidation to democracy
What do we need for it?
Didn’t participate or suffer from WW2
1974 - left wing revolution
Late - 70s new democratic rule
In Spain Second Republic 1931-1936
In 1936 Civil War in Spain between right wing and left wing.
Right wing won – leadership of Francisco Franco – established dictatorship regime
1975 Francisco died.
They didn’t any development with Europe till his death, so transition to Europe
started after 1975.
2) analyse political institution
Used to ace institutional problem so they tried to solve it
Spanish constitution: unity & diversity
Spanish people as a unit, sovereignty, who will choose government
and the right to choose. Diversity – regions within Spain that have
national identity (Catalonia & Basks & Galicia) they have strong
national sentiments. To recognize their sentiments, there would be
regional stronger government established. On one hand Spain is one,
can not be challenged but at the same time Spain is recognized of
different regions and nationalities so as a solution to accommodate
them to get their the unity of spain give them autonomy to regional
17 Autonomous Communities
Spanish monarch was abolished in 1930, but he reestablished. He
tried to use the monarchy to legitimize its own system. But e didn’t
see the king Carlos to support democracy after Franco’s death
Even today the Spanish monarchy regards democracy King strongly supports parties and democratic rule.
The figure of Presidente del Gobierno
Called president but functions as Prime minister (leader of political
party elected by majority is appointed as a president)
President forms the cabinet, all the ministers. Creates Powerful fear
around his authority, he is a central political figure.
Weak Upper House
Lower house (represents Spanish people) upper house represents regional
governments. Its limited in its capacity and power, whole power resides with
president and lower house.
PR (disproportional) electoral system
The system is for majorities to create a strong system with the
-Two main political parties: PSOE (socialist- left center, appeal to all
people) and PP (right) (conservatives-center right)
conservatives on the right used to have a problem because they were
associated with dictatorship/monarchial while adjusting to
-PCE/United left (minority left) – strong moral authority, usually get
5-8% of the vote. Not dominant. Regional parties in spain. 2 of the
mare significant :
Regional parties run for government under regional level but play a
role on Spanish national level
Spain president of Government
1993-96, 96 to 2000 equalization governments
-Jose Zapatero 2004-2011 (PSOE:left)
-Mariano Rajoy (2011-now0) ( PP:right)
Constitution, from left-wing to “neutral”
Main difference is that Portugal had revolution.
As a result the first constitution adopted was left wing constitution which
meant it had to be come a socialist country. It was a problem because EU
supported free market and capitalism
Semi-presidential executive (presidential republic)
Parliament is passing law, holding