Class Notes (811,170)
Canada (494,539)
POL224Y1 (74)

POL 224 Lec week 7 Oct 23, 2012.doc

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Rodney Haddow

POL 224 week 7 Lec Oct 23, 2012 Constitutions -answer 2 questions -what are the state institutions? -what are their relations? Where is their power? -answered: -in a written document (American constitution) -governed by a separation of powers (S.P) -or by an unwritten conventions, led by parliamentary sovereignty -parliamentary sovereignty (P.S) -United Kingdom -the governing norm -Canada has a mix -designed a written constitution based on the American one -adopted British parliamentary norms -France has a broad document associated with an S.P system -Germany is more parliamentary -US and UK cases are the extremes, most others have a bit of a mix Legislatures and Executives -legislature is the entity with the explicit task of creating new law -judiciaries and some executives can also make laws -at the same time judiciaries and executives are doing other things (judging) -legislature does nothing but make laws (statutes) -ex. immigration laws based on marriage/ sponsoring -executives execute law, forms government, sponsors most statutes -makes sure the law gets executed -government is just a small part of the state system, made up of the executive -United Kingdom -institutions are parliament (commons (lower)/ lords (upper)-legislative) -commons represented the commoners -lords represented the aristocracy POL 224 week 7 Lec Oct 23, 2012 -until Blaire got rid of this hereditary system -commons is the dominant actor -all written statutes say this; lords cannot block statutes, only delay them -also has the cabinet (political executive headed by the prime minister) -crown (formal executive; the Queen) -ex. representing Britain as a state/ country; the Queen does this, not the PM -ex. Olympic opening ceremonies by the Queen -so where is UK power? -parliamentary sovereignty means legislature trumps executive -democracy established that the commons dominate the lords in legislature -almost unicameral (one chamber) (as opposed to bicameral-2 part legislature) -cabinet dominates crown in the executive -fusion of cabinet to commons -responsible government and confidence conventions result -government is only in power as long as it has the confidence of the house of commons -all legitimacy comes from the house of commons -usually a member of the house of commons (legislature) -disciplined parties reverse the relation -not found in American system -majorities or coalitions in the house of commons -a friendly dictatorship -once you control a disciplined political party, you can do what you damn well want -ex. British conservative/ liberal coalition cutting as much spending as they think necessary to cut debt -‘consensus’ parliamentarism differs (Shivley 319-320) -based on a broad agreement in the legislature, laws should be based on con- sultation with all parties -listen to the opposition to a certain extent (not a friendly dictatorship like Britain/ Canada) POL 224 week 7 Lec Oct 23, 2012 -United States
More Less

Related notes for POL224Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.