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POL312Y1 (43)
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Political Science
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Oct 25 2012 POL 312Y1 – Canadian Foreign Policy Prof. Greaves POL 312Y1 – Canadian Foreign Policy ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Lecture 7 – Thursday, Oct 25, 2012 Quiz next week State - It comprises 4 things: o Pieces of territory o Recognition of other states that it is distinct o Has some population o Has government - State is political actors with legal personalities in international system Nation - Nation is not the same thing. Nation refers to groups of people that share trait, history, language, culture, and desire for some form of political representation as a union - Nation is a sociological concept – may or may not have those 4 things mentioned above. - For example, Japan is homogenous and has a very strong Japanese identity Federalism - Federalism contradicts fundamental aspect of sovereign state - In Canada we have 11 different sovereign - The basic supposition of federal political system Confederation - A political union entered into by political units - Here, sovereign units can choose to stay together or leave - Political communities from their moment of creation divides sovereign between different types of government. - Canada: We don’t have confederate system, we have federal system - Sections 91 and 92 State - History and change of the state o While some powers are allocated to federal and provincial governments, some powers are shared jointly between the governments o Since the Constitutional Act we have a few updates Page 1 Oct 25 2012 POL 312Y1 – Canadian Foreign Policy Prof. Greaves o Fishery policy: Today we have international components and it makes primarily responsibility for federal governments – it does not make it clear. o The area we consider historical concerns with High Politics – the most sovereign of sovereignty. Foreign policy was considered low policy issues. Internationalization challenged that types of division. It problematizes what exactly international policy is vs. domestic
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