Nerve cells that send and receive signals. False: we use 10% of our brains we use 100% of our brains. Involves the parts of the nervous system covered in bone (spinal cord and brain) Nerves in the body that extend outside the cns (all other nerves in the body) Forebrain the part of the brain that allows advanced intellectual abilities. Includes the cerebral cortex largest, outermost part of the forebrain responsible for analyzing sensory processing and higher brain functions. Neocortex most recently developed part of the brain. Cerebral hemispheres two halves of the cerebral cortex. Corpus callosum bundle of nerve fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres. Thalamus processes sensory information and serves information and serves as a gateway to the cerebral cortex (every sensation but smell passes through the thalamus) part of the limbic system. Occipital lobe specialized for vision back of head. Temporal lobe plays a role in hearing, understanding language, and memory in your ear.