PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Homo Economicus, Motivation, Rationality

3 views7 pages
Published on 30 Jul 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
PSY100
EMOTIONS
Emotion is what you are
Perhaps the most important thing to keep in mind as you are learning about
emotion, is that emotions involve your whole being they are “emotional” processes
but also “cognitive” and “physiological processes as well
One implication is that, what you do with your body and your mind IS the emotional
experience you will end up having, the emotional life you will end up BEING
A second implication is that your life is very strongly determined by oyur emotions,
and you are often “out of control” of these processes (eg. best times, stupidest
mistakes, etc)
Homoeconomicus
We are primarily rational, self interested creatures
However it has some problems; the most people think they are like this the more
they chase financial gain which means well ideal with sadness, loneliness, etc
A host of issues: unfulfilled, not thriving in life, extrinsically motivations and
“inauthentic”, defensive, tends to rigidly hold to views, negative emotions are
frequent (anger, anxiety, boredom, etc)
Happy connection to money: economic well being has gone dramatically up, but
happiness levels have been pretty much flat lined (hasn’t changed or gone
anywhere) the percentage of people that say they are very happy hasn’t gone
anywhere (their level)
o Economic growth doesn’t pan out
o Very poor correlations between difference in wealth and peoples happiness
o Relationship is very weak (about 1% of our happiness)
o Only strong exception to this is a change (eg. winning a lottery, makes a
change to happy level but then goes back to normal)
o Only difference between money and wealth is if you look across the globe,
then you get variation with happiness (powerful relationship); this shows
difference between unstable countries with large desperate population and
countries that have a functioning economy
o Further increases in wealth do not increase wealth in well being of
individuals
Not average wealth, but gap between rich and poor
Huge income disparity across the board not average wealth
o Distribution of wealth is important to understand functioning of that society
If people were rational utility calculators, there would be almost no smoking,
unsafe sex, drinking problems, laws, punishments, etc
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
If people were primarily motivated by $$$ and self interest, there would be
almost no smoking, chess, snowmen, drinking problems, speeding etc
But the biggest problem with homo economicus is not ultimately real. Not a real
depiction of how individuals work
We know it’s the neuron networks
Rationality is something that happens biologically
Embodied Cognition
We cant separate emotions and rationality
“You make me feel all close and warm”
WARMTH vs cold is an embodied metaphor, signifying relationship closeness
EG. Memories of social rejections lower estimates of room temperature
Eg. Being excluded from a game craving hot food
Eg. Holding a hot or cold beverage feeling closer/more distant from friends and
loved one
We develop physiology over the feelings of hot and cold distinctions
These are all built on top of lower level systems (rejection = cold temperature etc)
Get people to play videogames and some people get the ball passed to them and
they’re enjoying game, the ones that don’t get the ball passed they feel rejection and
will want a hot beverage (to feel less excluded)
The people feeling a hot cup of water feel closer to their loved ones that holding a
cold cup
The misattribution of arousal
The Capilano bridge study
o Scary bridge vs. non steady bridge (got phone number of female)
o A higher proportion called the woman back on the scary bridge than non
scary one
o Individual differences?
o When on a scary bridge, your on and off arousals are cranked up, and then
you get convo with girl and how attracted are you to that person? You find
them more attractive when you are aroused because of fear from the bridge
o Fear turns to on and off arousal, which then gets put on the woman, and
makes you feel attracted to them
o Implications of this are profound because things around us that affect our
arousal affect other things
Falling in love…
Feel of falling in love
Pure chance? Or soul mate?
In beginning you do things that are arousing; dancing, movies, parties, etc
Does arousal and cognitive attribution of that arousal play a role in falling in love?
o Eg. date with someone hot, why are you so hot and sweaty and aroused?
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Perhaps the most important thing to keep in mind as you are learning about emotion, is that emotions involve your whole being they are emotional processes but also cognitive and physiological processes as well. One implication is that, what you do with your body and your mind is the emotional experience you will end up having, the emotional life you will end up being. A second implication is that your life is very strongly determined by oyur emotions, and you are often out of control of these processes (eg. best times, stupidest mistakes, etc) We are primarily rational, self interested creatures. However it has some problems; the most people think they are like this the more they chase financial gain which means well ideal with sadness, loneliness, etc. A host of issues: unfulfilled, not thriving in life, extrinsically motivations and. Inauthentic , defensive, tends to rigidly hold to views, negative emotions are frequent (anger, anxiety, boredom, etc)

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.