Lecture 11-Understanding the Family Nov 21

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16 Aug 2010

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Chapter 11: The Family
Understanding the Family
- socialization
o the process where children acquire beliefs, values and behaviours considered desirable
or appropriate
- family
o 2 ppl who are related or unrelated by choice or not
- Family social system
o Complex network of relationships, interactions, and patterns of influence that
characterize a family with three or more members
o Traditional nuclear family
Family unit consisting of a wife/mother, a husband/father, and their dependent
o Direct effect
Instances in which any pair of family members affects and is affected by each
o Indirect effect
Relationship b/w 2 individuals is modified by the behaviour or attitude of a third
o Coparenting
Both parents mutually support each other and function cooperatively in raising
o Extended family
Group of relatives from more than just the immediate family who live together
o Blended or reconstituted families
New families resulting from remarriage that includes step-children etc.
Parental Socialization During Childhood and Adolescence
- Acceptance/responsiveness
o If the parent is labelled as this then they are very good at accepting and responding to
the child
o If not labelled as this parents are quick to criticize and ignore child
- Demandingness/ control
o Dimension of parenting that describes how restrictive and demanding parents are
- Two dimensions are independent and can bring about 4 different styles of parenting techniques
through interaction
- Refer to pg. 354 chart
- Behavioural control
o Regulating the child through firm discipline and monitoring of his conduct
- Psychological control
o Regulating the child through psychological tactics such as withholding affection,
inducing shame/guilt etc.
- Transcational model
o Parent and child influence each other reciprocally as opposed to the parent effects
model and child effects model
- Family distress model
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