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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 (Learning and Reward)

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

PSY100 Lecture 6 Notes February 14, 2011 Learning The learning theories come from behaviourism It used to be that monkeyschimpanzees were smartest after humans, but now it may be dogs Def: learning refers to an enduring change in the way an organism s based on its experience (exempt: drug effects this is how we respond to this stimulant, fatigue, or illness) Behaviourists said that we are Tabula Rasa (blank slate) when we are born The nature vs. nurture debate is over! It is both! We are all born with predispositions (i.e. to be creative, develop cancer, personality, etc.) Dependant on genetics and environment Science is based on empirical data, so it must be verifiable and quantitative Psychology is the science of behaviour 3 assumptions: a) Responses are learned rather than innate Just about everybody knows how to throw their arms back when falling as a toddler Everyone has a suck reflex, those that dont will not survive b) Learning is adaptive Learning helps us solve problems, create, explore c) Our experiments can uncover the laws of learning This is true, discovered through experiments with animals (no
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