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PSY333H1 (68)
Lecture 10


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Sayyed Mohsen Fatemi

Lec 10 General Types of Coping Strategies 9/26/12 2:07 PM • Major categories of coping strategies • Problem-focused • Emotion focused coping • Goodness of fit hypothesis • Coping is most effective when coping strategy goes well with stressor • Cognitive coping: o Problem-focused: made plan of action o Behavior: reduced to believe it happened • Behavioral coping: o Problem-focused: I took action to get rid of the problem o Behavioral: ate more • Other coping strategies o Support seeking is a beneficial coping strategy § Social support is linked to health and well-being o Meaning-making coping § Coping that uses our values and beliefs to shape meaning in stress ú Situational meaning must be congruent with global meaning o Assimilation o Accommodation • Measuring coping strategies o 50-item way of coping scale • Accept the experience and live in the moment • Narrative approach: allows person to write about the stress and describe how he/she coped with it • COPING TECHNIQUES (good and bad) o Active coping o Planning o Suppression of competing activities= what overlaps o Restraint coping o Seeking social support for instrumental reasons o Seeking social support for emotional reasons o Positive reinterpretation and growth o Acceptance o Turning to religion o Focus on venting emotions o Denial o Behavioral disengagement o Mental disengagement o Alcohol-drug disengagement • 4 coping styles o Religious based coping § Meaning has to come from a source-- perspective you take helps you understand § It could be religion (Park 2005) o Approach coping o Avoidance coping o • Cognitive Restructuring o Cognitive primacy= idea that cognitions influence how we respond to stress o Cognitive restructuring= technique used in CBT that refers to the process of challenging dysfunctional automatic thoughts and replace them with healthier realistic thinking patterns o REBT: model where an activating event is interpreted through ones beliefs… • Beck’s errors of thinking o Arbitrary inference o Selective abstraction o Overgeneralization
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