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Lecture 5

PSY494 LECTURE 5.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Gordon Anderson

PSY494-LECTURE 5 Slide 3: preferences need no inferences: -biologically distinct parts in the brain...separate emotional brain - emotions are pre cognitive... - cognitive perspective scientists think that emotions are cognitive... - there is a thinking processor that is faster and parallel than the cognitive processor - the first data that you extract from the world Slide#4: Affective primacy: - mere exposure: repetition results in greater liking - given two polygons, - what ends up making you like it is the one that you have seen more - nothing about the objects itself, but the exposure - preferences don't need inferences - don't know why you like something but just like it Slide#5: Affective priming: - in non chinese speakers, showed masking stimulus - you see the characters of chinese words, and another stimulus is shown after - the second stimulus masks the first - then make judgement of character - the affect of prime makes you like it more: smile make you more likely to like it - an angry face will make you like it less - what makes you like it is unconscious - arguement made a control study: - having access to seeing the smiley or angry face makes you not like it and like it more - something about the unconscious Slide#6: Developmental independence of preference and recognition: - in adults and children: they show the same level of preference for objects - remembered the old and new in adults - memory changed as development occured, but there was no change in preference Slide#7: Neural Evidence for affective primacy: - fear: expression might be processed even when you aren't attending to them - when you ignored faces, this decreases FFA - then the attention is drawn away from the faces and you can see what the amygdala does. - the amygdala still attending to fear...even though you are turning off the FFA - that means that they not the same thing or attending to the same dont have to see the face in order for the amygdala to judge whether it should be fearful or not~ Slide#8: Affective Primacy: - you don't need conscious access to what caused your don't know what the stimulus was - Lazarus: appraisals are unconscious - what 's an appraisal then? that's what makes it hard to disregard the cognitive appraisal theory - those who are brain based: think of the jamesian theory Slide#9: Social Constructivism: - most related to the cognitive appraisal perspective - appraisals are determined by cultures Slide#10: Darwin and Social Constructivism: - the biologist and culture/social context: not opposing in context - can be both~ facial expression are both,,, just see how they interact - culture and society today are probably more important and influential to what emotions are - culture has important and fast influences unlike biology which takes some time to make an influence - culture makes changes in how you view the world Slide#11 Social Constructivism: -perception is reality - comes through interactions with community - it is social - view things through social lense - so what reality is can be different, it is culture specific - what knowledge is: socially and culturally constructed - learning changes the way people interact with eachother - to understand humans require a different perspective Slide#12: Emergent properties: - humans are the object, but we cannot be defined without the context of other people - no figure without ground Slide#13: Are any colonies sentient? - hive intelligence: not individually the ants themselves - thinking of the society as an organism Slide14: Language is Thought: - the capacity to think is gated with our capacity of language - if you have no language then you cannot think - language is central to the means of which allows us to think - the language that you speak controls what you think - if you have no words to express then you won't be able to think them - but language might be the limiting factor: - we understand our world through the native language we are brought up in, this is our lense...if language doesn't have certain terms then we won't have the capacity to think~ -^ this is a principle Slide15: Lingusitic determinism: - Big Brother: replaced oldspeak with newspeak - remove words that evoked certain ideas " revolution" " victory" - can control thought by controlling t
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