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RLG203Y1 (14)

Jan 31

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Pamela Klassen

Pietism and dJohn Weslet - Pietism: a German-based Christian ovement focused on “inner” spiritual experience - Early missionaries to the Americas - “religion of the heart” Count von Zinzendorf, 1700-1760 - the things he says are infused with the holy spirit, the things he feels mostly and kind of in his head - morabieans - one of the first missions to the americas - “Whoever has God in his head is an atheist” - you have to feel god - it has to be emo- tional - to truly be a human being you have to figure things out yourself Peitism and John Wesley (1703-1791) - Wesley: an Anglican clergyman who experienced a spiritual “conversion” in 1938 - Co-founder of “Methodism”, which broke off from the Church of England in 1791 - had a warm feeling while listening to a sermon - founds small groups where you discuss your religious experience - comes up with... - Christian Perfection: ‘Exactly agreeable to this are his words in the first chapter: “God is light and in Him is no darkness at all. If we walk in the light, as Ge is in the light, we have a fellow- ship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin” and again: “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sings, and to cleanse us from all unrightousness.” Now, it is evident and apostle here speaks of a de- liverance wrought in this world. For he saith not, The blood of Christ will cleanse (at the hour of death, or in the day of judgement), but it “cleanseth,” at the present time, us liv- ing Christians “from all sin” And it is equally evident, that is any sin remain, we are not cleansed form all sin. - Christian perfection is being cleansed of sin - uses paul to argue that cleansing doesn’t happen in heaven it happens on earth - the way to do that is confess your sins. The Great Awakening (1725-1760)- Religion of the heart - Itinerant preaching - often preaching outside - very important in the americas - be- cause everywhere was widespread - they didn’t have many churches - there is currently a shifting understanding of what sin is - sin came from the Devil - came into the world when Eve ate the apple - the devil becomes a lot more metaphorical - once sin is inside of you you have to use inner resources to win over it - Charged with political radicalism (or the reverse) - Doctrinal (Theological) diversity - Preachers as holy men - not a saint or a relic but almost - founding of colleges - should care because its a really important moment to understand christianity and what it is in america now. - - George Whitfield (1714-70) - a buddy of John Wesley - starts preaching in england and ends up in the americas - started out as an actor - would sometimes gather 30,000 people at one sermon - was crosseyed - turning religion into theatre (at the same time as theatre was getting popular) Edwards Hall, Princeton University - still a hero for many american christians - able to combine christianity of the head and of the heart together The Second Great Awakening, 1795-1810 - concern for personal salvation - everyone is able to will themselves to have christ acept them - concern for worldwide Christian renewal (New protestant missionary organizations) - Camp meeting
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