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RlG241 lecture 2.docx

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John Kloppenborg

Lecture 19282012 22600 PM Canon List of books considered to be authoritative as revealed scripture by a particular Christian group Determination of what would be includedexcluded in the canon took over several centuries Long time to solidify different claims from diffcompeting Christian groups so as to what constituted Scripture Lots of dissension Slow formation of early Christian canon Neither the Old Testament Hebrew Bible Tanakh or Gospels Matthew mark Luke John Pauls letters were unanimously received as Scripture by early Christian heterodoxy Which to consider holy Diversity of Christianity scripturesbattle to decide Christian canon is epiphenomenal related to grander battle to decide who could speak for Jesus Battle for the Christian canon battle for apostolic authority stConsensus that the 1 3 centuries of the Christian movement did not come to know an institutional apparatus orthodoxy no unified project of canon no ultimate Scripture Orthodoxy orthodox apparatus whats the right belief Early Christianity competing heterodoxies Heterodoxies competed against each other w varying degrees of antagonismUncanny unity of the early church between PaulChurch brother of Jesus Early Christian heterodoxies competed as claimantsholders of apostolicity apostolic succession apostolic authorityFormation for Canon underside of the history of thebattle for the claim of apostolicity claim of orthodoxy Orthodoxy never just one claim of truth messy history great diversity Protoorthodoxy that claimant of Christianity that prior to winning the battle of true claims was already there making certain assertions of what is the true scripture but was not truly orthodoxyBart Ehrman on Protoorthodoxyformation of the Christian Bible History of the formation of the Christian Bible as an epiphenomenon of the history of the formation of orthodoxy Coming together of Orthodoxy same as coming together of New TestamentOrthodoxy Bible is a construct fruit of the triumph of protoorthodoxy We couldve ended up w a whole different Christian Bible than the one that Christians have todayHeterodoxiesimagined Bibles historical imagination JudeoChristians ones in Matthean community win halakah aggadot Gnosticizing Christians mystical read Plato w authority too First attempts at collecting canon was very fluid Muratorian canon 2000 CE oldest canon catalogues that has come down to usDoesnt match Bible used today Not accepted as scripture Hebrews 1 2 Peter James 3 John Not copied by scribes Copied by scribes what was popularauthoritative Who wrote Hebrews Paul or Accepted as scripture wisdom of Solomon Greek Apolalypse of Peter Protoorthodox idiosyncratic canon codex vaticanus th4 century manuscript of the Bible didnt have 12 Timothy Titus Philemon Revelation protoorthodox idiosyncratic canon codex sinaiticus th4 century manuscriptcopy things that didnt match w Bible canon includes all NTEpistle of BarnabasShepherd of Hermas BHdeemed as apocryphal forbidden The battle for the Christian Scripture did all early Christians read the Tanakh Jewish Scriptures not agreed by all Christians as holy rdTanakh Septuagint translation of Jewish Bible by Alexandra in 3 century during the common era interesting legends of how translation was made Apocrypha Enoch Early Christians werent unanimous about which Jewish Scriptures approach read meant when they referred to Scriptures the books made into Scripture Early Christianity didnt agree to what was holy Scripture90 CE legend of how Jamnia city in Galilee council the Rabbi said the authoritative books that defiled the hands
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